Elapsing nearly a decade, the Iran-Iraq War is known as the 20th century’s longest conventional war as well as one of the most violent conflicts since World War Two. Indiscriminate ballistic missile attacks, chemical weapon use and oil tanker attacks largely shaped the war, which only ended in 1988 following an acceptance of UN Resolution 598. The protracted affair claimed over half a million lives, sent both countries spiraling into debt and, as you might imagine, failed to produce any meaningful gains for either side.
Given Iran’s pariah status, it had few means to combat Iraq’s wealth of weaponry and resources. Thus, child soldiers tragically entered the fold.
For more on Iran, check out our gallery of photographs from life under the Shah before the Iranian Revolution.