Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa, 19,341 feet
In ancient Swahili, Kilima means “hill, little mountain” and Njaro meaning “white” or “shining.” The amount of ice on the summit of Kibo has decreased by over 90% between 1993 and 2000, with scientists predicting that the seasonal ice may disappear completely by 2022.
Vinson Massif, Antarctica, 16,050 feet
A massif is “a section of a planet’s crust that is demarcated by faults and flexures.” Vinson Massif is located about 150 miles from the South Pole, and was first climbed by the American Alpine club in 1963, which is quite recent in history due to its particularly hazardous conditions.
Carstensz Pyramid, Oceania, 16,024 feet
This mountain, located in Indonesia, is also called Mount Carstensz or Puncak Jaya. There is a government permit required for access to the summit and is home to one of the world’s largest mines.
Mount Elbrus, Europe, 18,510 feet
Mount Elbrus mountain has many names (some of which are of Turkic, Georgian and Perso-Arabic in origin) because of its location on the border of Asia and Europe. Mount Elbrus is actually an inactive volcano, whose last eruption took place between 0 and 100 AD.