At the tail end of World War Two, Germany was in financial, political and physical ruins. The war wiped out around 11% of its population, took from it 25% of its territory, and reduced its agricultural productivity levels to a fraction of what they were before the war. To the dismay of some of its beneficiaries, Marshall Plan funds were disbursed to West Germany from 1949 to 1952, where it received $1.45 billion in economic and technical aid. Proving that the definition of an enemy is inherently situational, when the Cold War began to heat up in the 50s, NATO allowed West Germany to join its ranks. Total recovery soon followed suit.