Pat Garrett, Billy The Kid’s Friend, Killer, And Biographer

Published March 11, 2018

Pat Garrett didn't just kill Billy the Kid, he also became the leading expert on the outlaw's life, recording it all in his biography.

Pat Garrett

Historical Society for Southeast New Mexico/Wikimedia CommonsSheriff Pat Garrett (second from right) in 1887 in Roswell, New Mexico.

In a small town in northern New Mexico, a man hid in a bedroom with a loaded pistol. Two men entered, and upon sensing the presence of the man already there, one shouted “Quien es? Quien es?” (“who is it?”) while reaching for his gun.

The first man beat him to it, drawing his revolver and shooting twice, the echo reverberating into the desert night. The other man fell down dead, without a word.

This is the alleged final meeting of Billy the Kid with the man who shot him, detailed by that very man: Pat Garrett.

Born on June 5th, 1850 in Alabama, Pat Garrett was raised on a Louisiana plantation. With the death of his parents in his teens, the debt against his family plantation, and the Civil War forever altering his lifestyle, Garrett fled west to start a new life. 

He worked as a buffalo hunter in Texas towards the end of the 1870s but retired when he shot and killed a fellow hunter (his explosive anger and hair-trigger violence would become a motif in his life). Garrett then pulled up stakes for New Mexico, first rancher, then as a bartender in Fort Sumner, then as the sheriff of Lincoln County. It was here that he would first meet Billy the Kid, and where he would meet him for the last time.

Billy the Kid was born William Henry McCarty, Jr., in New York City, nine years after Pat Garrett. Billy’s mother moved the family from Kansas, where they had resettled, to Colorado after the loss of his father. Ultimately, they moved to New Mexico where he and his brother got a taste for the outlaw life. 

Billy traveled the American Southwest and northern Mexico, stealing and pillaging with various gangs.

Pat Garrett With Billy The Kid

FRANK ABRAMS VIA AP/Wikimedia CommonsRare 1880 photo believed to be of Billy the Kid (second from left) and Pat Garrett (far right).

He and Garrett became acquainted while the latter was tending bar, and they formed a fast friendship–even allegedly earning the nicknames “Big Casino” (Garrett) and “Little Casino” (Billy).

Their drinking buddy relationship didn’t flourish outside the rough-and-tumble oasis of a saloon. In 1880, when Garrett was elected sheriff, his highest priority was to capture the very man he had befriended: Billy the Kid.

Garrett made good in 1881, capturing Billy in a brief skirmish outside Stinking Spring, New Mexico. Before Billy could stand trial, he escaped.

Garrett hunted Billy down in July of the same year, working with Peter Maxwell, a host of Billy’s who betrayed him to the sheriff in the bedroom scene.

Billy The Kid Playing Croquet

Wikimedia CommonsBilly the Kid (left) playing croquet in New Mexico in 1878.

The stories of the two entwined Wild Westerners don’t end there. Garrett took the unique step of writing Billy’s biography, The Authentic Life of Billy The Kid, effectively becoming the “authority” on the life of the man he killed. He contended that he wrote it to:

“…dissever “the Kid’s” memory from that of meaner villains, whose deeds have been attributed to him. I will strive to do justice to his character, give him credit for all the virtues he possessed — and he was by no means devoid of virtue — but shall not spare deserved opprobrium for his heinous offenses against humanity and the laws.”

Pat Garrett lived until 1908, working as a Texas Ranger, a businessman, and a part of the first Roosevelt administration before dying by violence himself. But he would always be best known as the man who killed Billy the Kid.


Next, check out these photos that depict the real Wild West. Then, read about Buford Pusser, the man who got revenge on the people who killed his wife.

Andrew Milne
A foodie, wanderlust victim, and history nerd, Andrew Milne is a freelance writer who has worked at outlets like Bon Appétit and Food Network.
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