After starring in "Deep Throat," Linda Lovelace became a household name — but ended up penniless after being exploited by both the adult film industry and her husband.
Linda Lovelace was a cultural revolutionary largely forgotten to time.
Her foray into the adult film industry saw it crawl out of the muck and explode into the mainstream, ushering in the “Golden Age of Porn.” Her starring role in the 1972 movie Deep Throat made her America’s biggest porn star — when the internet was science-fiction and free adult entertainment was a myth.
The controversial film was released in theaters at a time when obscenity laws were extreme — and it still became a nationwide phenomenon. Despite its seedy nature and shadowy mob financing, early audiences included high-profile figures like Frank Sinatra and Vice President Spiro Agnew. Some estimated that the movie grossed more than $600 million.
Deep Throat tantalized viewers with its incorporation of an actual plot and character development. But of course, Linda Lovelace was undoubtedly the star of the show. Little did fans know that she had been paid a measly $1,250 to star in the film.
And that’s just one part of her tragic story.
The Early Life Of Linda Boreman
Born Linda Susan Boreman on January 10, 1949, in the Bronx, New York, Linda Lovelace had a rather turbulent childhood. Her father John Boreman was a New York City police officer who was rarely home. Her mother Dorothy Tragney was a local waitress who regularly beat Lovelace.
Aside from a strong belief in corporal punishment, the Boremans were very religious. So as a young girl, Lovelace attended a variety of strict Catholic schools. Afraid of sinning, Lovelace wouldn’t let boys anywhere near her — earning her the nickname “Miss Holy Holy.”
When she was 16 years old, her family relocated to Florida. She made few friends during this time — but she ended up losing her virginity at age 19. Lovelace then became pregnant and gave birth to a child the following year.
While the details about her first child remain somewhat unclear, Lovelace apparently gave her baby up for adoption after she unwittingly signed papers that she failed to read. That same year, she returned to New York City and enrolled in computer school to find her footing as an adult.
Though she planned on opening a boutique, a horrid car crash left Lovelace with a lacerated liver, broken ribs, and a fractured jaw. She returned to her family in Florida — where she recovered from her injuries.
While Linda Lovelace was laying out by a pool, she caught the eye of a bar owner named Chuck Traynor — her future husband, manager, and pimp.
How Linda Lovelace Became A Porn Star
Linda Lovelace was 21 years old when she met Chuck Traynor, and she was rather impressed by the 27-year-old business owner. He not only invited her to smoke but also offered her a ride in his fancy sports car.
Within weeks, the two were living together. While Lovelace was initially happy to escape her family, it soon became clear that her new lover was quite possessive. He also seemed eager to usher her into a new life.
Lovelace later claimed that Traynor used hypnosis to expand her sexual knowledge. Then, he allegedly forced her into sex work. And at some point early on in their relationship, Traynor changed her last name to Lovelace.
According to Lovelace, she was soon working as a prostitute with Traynor as her pimp. The two eventually moved to New York, where Traynor realized that Lovelace’s girl-next-door appeal could make him a lot of money in the porn industry. And so Lovelace began making short, silent pornographic films called “loops” that would often play at peep shows.
While industry colleagues said that she loved her job, Lovelace later claimed that she was forced into sex work at gunpoint. But despite the alleged abuse and death threats, Lovelace felt that she had nowhere else to turn at that point. And so she agreed to marry Traynor in 1971.
Soon afterward, Lovelace and Traynor met an adult film director named Gerard Damiano at a swingers party. Damiano had directed some softcore porn features in the past, but he was so impressed by Lovelace that he vowed to tailor a script just for her. Within months, that script became Deep Throat — the very first full-length pornographic film.
The Success Of Deep Throat
Along with being the first full-length adult film, Deep Throat was also one of the first pornographic movies to feature a plot and character development. While that plot revolved around Linda Lovelace’s character having a clitoris in her throat, it was still a mesmerizing novelty. The film also contained real dialogue and jokes, with co-star Harry Reems playing her psychiatrist.
Damiano financed the film with $22,500. Some of the money came from the mob, which saw adult movies as a goldmine that provided them with the biggest revenue stream since Prohibition. But as for Lovelace, she was only paid $1,250 for her role in the enormously successful film. Even worse, that small amount of money was allegedly confiscated by Traynor.
Since the movie was mostly shot in low-budget Florida motel rooms, nobody had predicted its success. The premiere in New York City in June 1972 was an unexpected hit, with high-profile stars like Sammy Davis Jr. lining up to buy tickets. (Davis was allegedly so entranced by the 61-minute film that he had group sex with Lovelace and Traynor at one point.)
With millions of tickets sold and endless coverage in the news, Lovelace became a celebrity — and one of the top “sex goddesses” of the 1970s. Playboy founder Hugh Hefner even held a party at his mansion in her honor.
With household names like Johnny Carson discussing the film, Deep Throat introduced hardcore porn to mainstream audiences, making it somewhat less stigmatized. And when New York City Mayor John Lindsay banned the film in 1973, the legal drama only sparked more interest in the movie.
The 1973 hearings on Richard Nixon’s Watergate scandal did as well. Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein — the Washington Post journalists who broke the story — had seen their anonymous FBI source dubbed “Deep Throat.”
However, Linda Lovelace’s fame wasn’t long-lasting. As happy as she seemed to be on camera, she apparently wasn’t smiling behind the scenes.
The Last Act Of Linda Lovelace
While some have wagered that Deep Throat made more than half a billion dollars, the true total remains debatable to this day. What is clear is that Linda Lovelace found little success in other endeavors — and soon attracted attention for her legal issues and troubles in her personal life.
In January 1974, she was arrested in Las Vegas for possession of cocaine and amphetamines. That same year, her turbulent relationship with Traynor ended. She soon became involved with a producer named David Winters, who helped her make the comedy movie Linda Lovelace For President in 1976. When it flopped, Lovelace left both Winters and Hollywood.
Lovelace then became a born-again Christian and married construction worker Larry Marchiano, with whom she had two children by 1980. That same year, she released her autobiography Ordeal. It told a different version of the Deep Throat years — explaining that she was not a carefree porn star but instead a trapped and vulnerable young woman.
Linda Lovelace claimed that Chuck Traynor had controlled and manipulated her, forcing her into a career as a porn star. He allegedly beat her until she was bruised and sometimes even held her at gunpoint. According to Lovelace, he threatened to kill her if she didn’t comply with his demands, saying that she would be “just another dead hooker shot in her hotel room.”
These claims were met with mixed responses — with some supporting her and others being more skeptical. As for Traynor himself, he admitted to hitting Lovelace, but he claimed that it was all part of a voluntary sex game.
Perhaps most shocking were Lovelace’s claims that she wasn’t acting in Deep Throat — but was actually being raped. When asked why she was seen smiling onscreen, she said that “it became a choice: smile, or die.”
Ultimately, Linda Lovelace changed her last name back to Boreman and became an anti-porn activist. Feminists like Gloria Steinem took up her cause, championing her as someone who had finally regained her voice.
But in the late 1990s, Lovelace was seen at porn conventions signing copies of Deep Throat. This was said to be an act of desperation, as she had divorced Marchiano in 1996 and was in need of money.
Still, she insisted in a 1997 interview: “I look in the mirror and I look the happiest I’ve ever looked in my entire life. I’m not ashamed of my past or sad about it. And what people might think of me, well, that’s not real. I look in the mirror and I know that I’ve survived.”
In the end, the true tragedy came a few years later — with another car crash.
On April 3, 2002, Linda Lovelace was involved in a horrific car accident in Denver, Colorado. While doctors tried for weeks to save her, it soon became clear that she would not recover. With Marchiano and their children present, Lovelace was taken off life support on April 22nd and died at the age of 53.
After learning about Linda Lovelace, the star behind “Deep Throat,” take a look at the tragic story of Dorothy Stratten, the Playboy model murdered by her husband. Then, check out these raw photos of life in 1970s New York.