What happened on this day in history: Alexander Hamilton is killed in a duel with Aaron Burr, Harper Lee's To Kill A Mockingbird is published, and more historical events that happened on July 11th.
1656: The First Quakers Arrive In The Colonies
Englishwomen Ann Austin and Mary Fisher become the first Quakers to arrive in the American colonies. Coming from Barbados, where Quakers had an established missionary, Austin and Fisher landed in Boston. Local Puritans frowned on their teachings, however, and they were both jailed for five years before they were deported back to Barbados.
1804: Alexander Hamilton Is Killed In A Duel
Alexander Hamilton is killed in a duel with Aaron Burr. The former Secretary of the Treasury, Hamilton had spoken out against Vice President Burr on multiple occasions.
When a newspaper reported that Hamilton had uttered a “despicable opinion” about Burr, Burr challenged Hamilton to a duel and killed him in Weehawken, New Jersey.
1851: The Conjoined McCoy Twins Are Born
Millie and Christine McCoy, a pair of conjoined twins, are born in Welches Creek, North Carolina. The daughters of an enslaved couple, they were taken from their parents and sold in order to be exhibited as “The Carolina Twins.” They later worked in circuses across the world on their own terms and wrote a book about their lives.
1960: To Kill A Mockingbird Is Published
To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee is published. The iconic coming-of-age story about racial injustice in a small Southern town won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1961. Lee’s story was also adapted into a film the next year, for which Gregory Peck won an Oscar for his portrayal of Atticus Finch.
1979: Skylab Crashes To Earth
Skylab, the United States’ first space station, comes crashing back to Earth. First launched in 1973, the space station began to deteriorate quicker than NASA anticipated. Without a set plan to bring the station down, NASA fired the station’s booster rockets, which sent it on a collision course with the Indian Ocean — as well as populated parts of western Australia.