29 Raw Images Of The 1990s Rave Scene At Its Zenith

Published September 19, 2016
Updated June 14, 2019

Look inside the era of warehouse parties and PLUR during the blossoming of rave fashion and culture in the 1990s.

In the early 1990s, a nascent culture coalesced around electronic dance music and their concerts, referred to commonly as raves. Home to eclectic and diffuse genres like house, trance, and techno, the rave scene evolved into a subculture bound together with a distinctive ethos, a unique fashion sensibility, and an adventurous spirit to drug use, particularly ecstasy.

The drug’s popularization, along with the clandestine nature of rave parties, would bring ravers even closer to one another over the years. Indeed, the mantra “Peace Love Unity Respect,” better known as PLUR, underpinned what ravers sought in each other and in the raves themselves. Below, we look at twenty-nine engrossing images of the underground rave scene as it grew throughout the 1990s:

Ravers often wore multi-colored plastic bracelets known as "kandi," which often featured the words "peace love unity respect." Those who wore them were referred to as "kandi kids."

Rave Scene

90s Rave Fashion
MDMA, also known as Ecstasy or Molly, became the recreational drug of choice. Its popularity stemmed from the fact that its effects — euphoric feelings and heightened sensations — complemented the atmosphere of raves.

Peace Signs
Alexander Baldwin

Pacifiers became staple raver paraphernalia, as they helped to offset the jaw-clenching and teeth grinding common with MDMA usage.


Glowsticking and other visual dance routines were among the most popular in electronic dance.Wikimedia

Alexander Baldwin

Nasa Flyer
Because raves were often unauthorized, promoters relied on word of mouth and flyers to draw in audiences. In the above, a flyer promotes a weekly party called NASA held in Tribeca, New York.DJ Scotto

Nasa Party Flyer
DJ Scotto

Club Kids
The emergence of rave culture commingled with local social and party groups as well. The "Club Kids" — an infamous group of New York partiers — began to host raves at Limelight, which became the premier destination for electronic music in New York City in the early 1990s.Alexis Di Biasio

Toy Ladies
Alexis Di Biasio

As the popularity of electronic music rose in Western Europe, promoters began to build permanent venues for these events — especially in unused industrial buildings. In the photo above is Bunker, an abandoned storage facility that was converted into a nightclub for electronic music performances in the early 1990s.Zeit Maschine

Rave Dancers
Zeit Maschine

Crystal Method
By the late 1990s, electronic music artists began to experience some mainstream popularity. Fatboy Slim, Crystal Method, and Prodigy all released platinum albums by the turn of the century.Crystal Method


Dune 4
While often held in abandoned urban spaces, raves that took advantage of open rural land also became de rigueur. Dune 4, for example, was held in the southern California desert.Wikimedia

La Rave Scene

Vibe Tribe
By the end of the decade, public concern about drug use at raves brought heightened scrutiny from law enforcement. In the above, police break up a party called "Vibe Tribe" in Melbourne, Australia.Wikimedia

Vibe Tribe Police Visit

90s Raves
Raves were often all ages events, making them popular destinations for those unable to get into traditional clubs or music venues.Wikimedia

1990s Rave
Alexander Baldwin

Alexander Baldwin

Raving In China
By the late 1990s, electronic music and raves had spread worldwide. In the photo above, a woman attends the 1995 opening of a club in Beijing.Peter Charlesworth / Getty Images

Outdoor Rave
Alexander Baldwin

Alexander Baldwin

Brain Machine
Getty Images

Trance Party
Universal Images Group / Getty Images

Infected Mushroom
Alexander Baldwin

And we'd be remiss if we didn't share a couple of our favorite videos from some 1990s raves:


And if you enjoyed these photographs from the birth of EDM culture and 90s rave fashion, check out our other galleries on Woodstock 1969 and the rise of the New York Punk scene.

Alexander is a cofounder of All That's Interesting with an undergraduate degree from the University of Virginia in History and Economics and an MSc from the School of Oriental and African Studies in Economics. He specializes in American history, the Cold War, and true crime.
Savannah Cox
Savannah Cox holds a Master's in International Affairs from The New School as well as a PhD from the University of California, Berkeley, and now serves as an Assistant Professor at the University of Sheffield. Her work as a writer has also appeared on DNAinfo.
Cite This Article
Baldwin, Alexander. "29 Raw Images Of The 1990s Rave Scene At Its Zenith." AllThatsInteresting.com, September 19, 2016, https://allthatsinteresting.com/90s-raves. Accessed April 20, 2024.