This Day In History, February 23rd

What happened on this day in history: W.E.B. DuBois is born in 1868, the American flag is raised on Iwo Jima in 1945, and more important events that happened on February 23rd.

303 C.E.: Roman Emperor Diocletian Orders The Persecution Of Christians

Today In History February 23

Bettmann/Getty ImagesA statue of the Roman Emperor Diocletian.

Roman Emperor Diocletian begins a campaign of persecution against Christians. First, he ordered that a new Christian church in the ancient city of Nicomedia (located in present-day Turkey) be razed, then commanded that Christian texts and places of worship be destroyed. Though Diocletian initially claimed that he wanted the erasure of Christianity to be done without bloodshed, many Christians were executed.

1868: W.E.B. DuBois Is Born

William Edward Burghardt “W.E.B.” DuBois is born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts. A scholar, writer, and activist, DuBois helped found the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1909. He also penned a number of groundbreaking books and essays on African American life, including The Souls of Black Folk.

1945: The “Raising The Flag On Iwo Jima” Photo Is Taken

Iwo Jima Flag

Public Domain“Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima,” taken by Joe Rosenthal, is one of the most well-known photos in American history.

Associated Press photographer Joe Rosenthal takes a photo of six U.S. Marines raising the American flag atop Mount Suribachi during the World War II Battle of Iwo Jima in Japan. One of the most iconic photos in American history, Rosenthal’s picture depicts Michael Strank, Harlon Block, Franklin Sousley, Harold Keller, Ira Hayes, and Harold Schultz. Sadly, Strank, Block, and Sousley all perished during the battle.

1954: The First Polio Vaccines Are Administered

Children from Arsenal Elementary School in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, receive the first dose of the polio vaccine. Developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, the vaccine proved extremely effective and caused polio rates in the United States to plummet. Today, different polio vaccines have succeeded in reducing polio cases by 99 percent across the world.

1957: The Boy In The Box Is Found

Boy In The Box Flyer

Wikimedia CommonsInvestigators handed out a flyer about the boy to nearby communities.

The “Boy in the Box” is found in Philadelphia. A student from La Salle College noticed a box in some underbrush. Once he opened it, he found the naked body of a young boy and called the police. Investigators were unable to identify the boy, but they noted that he was malnourished and had been beaten to death. Sixty-five years later, police finally identified the boy as Joseph Augustus Zarelli through genetic genealogy testing. The investigation into the events leading up to Zarelli’s death are still on-going.