What happened on this day in history: The first World Cup takes place in Uruguay, Frida Kahlo dies in 1954, and more landmark events that happened on July 12th.
1814: The Carabinieri Is Established
Victor Emmanuel I of Savoy establishes the Carabinieri. An Italian branch of law enforcement, they were tasked with “[contributing] to the necessary happiness of the State, which cannot be separated from protection and defense of all good subjects.” The Carabinieri continue to operate to this day.
1882: Johnny Ringo Is Killed
Wild West outlaw Johnny Ringo is shot and killed in Arizona territory — just months after he nearly got in a duel with Doc Holliday in Tombstone.
To this day, the details of his death remain hazy. While the coroner declared that Ringo had died by suicide, various Wild West figures like Wyatt Earp and Frank Leslie later claimed that they had killed him.
1930: The First World Cup Matches Are Played
The first World Cup games are played in Montevideo, Uruguay. In those games, France defeated Mexico 4-1 and the United States won over Belgium 3-0. The first World Cup final, held on July 30, pitted Uruguay against Argentina and resulted in a 4-2 victory for Uruguay.
1954: Frida Kahlo Dies
Frida Kahlo dies in Mexico City at the age of 47. A Mexican painter famous for her series of self-portraits as well as her relationships with Leon Trotsky and Diego Rivera, Kahlo officially died from a pulmonary embolism — but some claim that the artist took her own life by overdosing on pain medication.
2014: Conrad Roy Dies By Suicide
Conrad Roy dies by suicide, poisoning himself with carbon monoxide fumes in his truck in Fairhaven, Massachusetts. In the aftermath, his girlfriend Michelle Carter was accused of encouraging him to commit suicide with a series of text messages. She was convicted of involuntary manslaughter and spent 11 months in prison.