What happened on this day in history: The Treaty of Paris is signed, Frederick Douglass escaped slavery from rural Maryland, and more landmark historical events that took place on September 3rd.
1189: Richard The Lionheart Is Crowned King
Richard the Lionheart is crowned king of England at Westminster Abbey in London, England. The third son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, Richard rose to power after the deaths of his older brothers and after rebelling against his father with the assistance of Phillip II of France.
He ruled for 10 years until he was fatally wounded with a crossbow while besieging a French town in 1199.
1783: The Treaty Of Paris Is Signed
The United States, Great Britain, Spain, and France sign the Treaty of Paris in Paris, France. The treaty ended the American Revolution, which had begun eight years earlier in 1775. It established the United States as a sovereign nation and set the borders of the new country.
1838: Frederick Douglass Escapes Slavery
Disguised as a free Black sailor, Frederick Douglass escaped from rural Maryland and made his way from Baltimore to New York City. Douglass would write about his experiences as an enslaved person in his Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, which was published in 1845 and became a seminal work in the abolitionist movement.
2012: Griselda Blanco, “Queen of Cocaine,” dies
Grisdela Blanco, the “Queen of Cocaine,” dies in Medellín, Columbia. Known as “La Madrina,” Blanco was a prolific Colombian drug lord in the 1980s. She is believed to have killed anywhere from 200 to 2,000 people to protect her drug empire. After serving time in prison, Blanco was sent back to Colombia in 2004. There, unidentified assailants would assassinate her outside a butcher shop.
2013: Ariel Castro Commits Suicide
Ariel Castro dies of suicide at the age of 53 while at the Correctional Reception Center in Ohio.
Four months earlier, he was arrested for kidnapping and raping Michelle Knight, Amanda Berry, and Georgina “Gina” DeJesus between 2002 and 2004. Castro held the women at his Cleveland home for over a decade until Berry escaped in 2013.