Before Brunch, There Were Riots: 1970s Harlem In Photos

Published May 17, 2015
Updated December 26, 2019

Harlem in the 1970s was marked with violence and loss, but it was also a time where its residents cultivated an incredibly resilient character.

Harlem 1970s Photographs

The popular afro style was everywhere.

French photographer Jack Garofalo’s photos of an iconic New York neighborhood have been making some impressive rounds on the Internet lately, catapulting viewers back to a time before Harlem was a brunch destination.

Harlem’s history in the 1960s and 1970s was one of violence and loss: the Harlem Riot of 1964 claimed the life of an unarmed black teenager; Nation of Islam members assassinated Malcolm X, and riots again rocked Harlem’s streets following Martin Luther King Jr.’s death in 1968. Many in Harlem responded by moving out in droves in what some would call an exodus.

Members Of The Black Panthers In Harlem

Two members of the Black Panther party stand by a storefront. Source: Mashable“.

With crumbling infrastructure and trash-lined streets, the New York Times described the neighborhood:

“Since 1970, an exodus of residents has left behind the poor, the uneducated, the unemployed. Nearly two-thirds of the households have incomes below $10,000 a year. In a community with one of the highest crime rates in the city, garbage-strewn vacant lots and tumbledown tenements, many of them abandoned and sealed, contribute to the sense of danger and desolation that pervades much of the area.”

Despite the grim description, business as usual went on for those who stayed: beauty parlors were often full, families grew, and cultural vitality was being renewed. Around the country, the decade of the 60s saw the popularity of Motown music, fashion, and a boom in visual arts media.

Vintage Photos Of Harlem

Selling newspapers on a street corner.

Though President Lyndon Johnson’s Model Cities anti-poverty program spent $100 million into improvements, job training, and education, the area seemed to make no visible progress.

That is, until 1987 – when the city installed new water mains, curbs, sidewalks, and even planted some trees. National chain stores opened in what used to be seen as one of the worst neighborhoods, and over proceeding decades, people began moving back.

After years of decline Harlem finally found its way back, but these photos prove that even through the worst of times, Harlem at its core was always about the resilience of its people:

Vintage Images Of 1970s Harlem
Source: Mashable" (Photo by Jack Garofalo/Paris Match via Getty Images).

Kids Hanging Out In Harlem
Source: Mashable" (Photo by Jack Garofalo/Paris Match via Getty Images).

A Burning Trash Can In Harlem
Source: Mashable" (Photo by Jack Garofalo/Paris Match via Getty Images).

Newlyweds in 1970s Harlem
Source: Mashable" (Photo by Jack Garofalo/Paris Match via Getty Images).

70s Harlem records
Source: Mashable" (Photo by Jack Garofalo/Paris Match via Getty Images).

Hair Salon In Harlem
Source: Mashable (Photo by Jack Garofalo/Paris Match via Getty Images)

Bookstores In 1970s Harlem
Source: Mashable (Photo by Jack Garofalo/Paris Match via Getty Images)

Vintage Red Jacket
Source: Mashable" (Photo by Jack Garofalo/Paris Match via Getty Images).

1970s Harlem
Source: Mashable" (Photo by Jack Garofalo/Paris Match via Getty Images).

70s harlem curler ladies
Source: Mashable" (Photo by Jack Garofalo/Paris Match via Getty Images).

1970s Harlem Big Joe
Source: Mashable" (Photo by Jack Garofalo/Paris Match via Getty Images).

Afro's In Harlem
Source: Mashable" (Photo by Jack Garofalo/Paris Match via Getty Images).

Old Photos Of Harlem, New York
Source: Mashable" (Photo by Jack Garofalo/Paris Match via Getty Images).

70s Harlem yellow shirt man
Source: Mashable" (Photo by Jack Garofalo/Paris Match via Getty Images).

Harlem New York City
Source: Mashable" (Photo by Jack Garofalo/Paris Match via Getty Images).

70s-Harlem yellow shirt woman
Source: Mashable" (Photo by Jack Garofalo/Paris Match via Getty Images).

Pictures From 1970s Harlem
Source: Mashable" (Photo by Jack Garofalo/Paris Match via Getty Images).

Harlem Resident In The 1970s
Source: Mashable" (Photo by Jack Garofalo/Paris Match via Getty Images).

Nation Of Islam
Source: Mashable" (Photo by Jack Garofalo/Paris Match via Getty Images).

The Black Panthers In Harlem
Source: Mashable" (Photo by Jack Garofalo/Paris Match via Getty Images).


Want more vintage New York? Check out our galleries of 1969 in New York and staggering photos of the New York subways in the 1980s.

Erin Kelly
An All That’s Interesting writer since 2013, Erin Kelly focuses on historic places, natural wonders, environmental issues, and the world of science. Her work has also been featured in Smithsonian and she’s designed several book covers in her career as a graphic artist.