The victim who inspired the AMBER alert system, nine-year-old Amber Hagerman was murdered after being abducted while riding her bike in Arlington, Texas on January 13, 1996.
On January 13, 1996, nine-year-old Amber Hagerman took the pink bike she’d just received for Christmas and went for a ride near her grandmother’s house in Arlington, Texas. But when she got to the lot of an abandoned Winn-Dixie grocery store, a man in a black truck suddenly grabbed her.
Four days later, Amber Hagerman’s naked and lifeless body was found in a local creek.
Though Amber Hagerman’s killer has never been found, the impact of her disappearance has resonated for decades as the inspiration behind the AMBER alert system, which has since saved hundreds of children from a similar fate.
And now, detectives believe that they’ll finally be able to catch the man who murdered Amber Hagerman.
The Kidnapping Of Amber Hagerman
Born on November 25, 1986, Amber Rene Hagerman had just nine short years on earth. On January 13, 1996, she and her five-year-old brother Ricky went for a bike ride that turned out to be Amber’s last.
According to WFTV 9, the siblings left their grandmother’s house in Arlington, Texas, around 3:10 p.m. She’d instructed them to stay close, and Amber and Ricky never ventured more than two-tenths of a mile from her home.
But when Amber pedaled into the parking lot of a Winn-Dixie grocery store, Ricky decided to turn home — and didn’t see what happened to his sister.
But Jimmie Kevil did. The 78-year-old watched as the little girl rode her bicycle around the parking lot. He watched as a black truck pulled up alongside her, and as a dark-haired man in his 20s or 30s, who Kevil thought was white or Hispanic, got out.
“[The kidnapper] pulled up, jumped out, and grabbed her,” Kevil, a former sheriff’s deputy, told CBS Dallas Fort-Worth. “When she screamed, I figured the police ought to know about it, so I called them.”
In the aftermath, dozens of police officers and federal agents descended on Arlington to look for the missing girl. According to The New York Times, they paused their search for Amber only to take quick naps. But tragically, the nine-year-old was found dead four days later in a nearby creek.
“Amber was totally nude except for a sock on her left foot,” former Arlington police detective Randy Lockhart, who went to the scene, told a Cleburne Rotary Club luncheon in 2021. “We rolled her over and I caught her head in my hands. Several lacerations to her throat. [A] knife or screwdriver had been used to rip her throat out.”
How The Case Of Amber Hagerman Inspired The AMBER Alert System
As Amber’s family mourned their loss, however, a Texas mother named Diane Simone had an idea. She called a local radio station and wondered aloud about creating a national alert system for missing children.
“I said, ‘I can’t get over this child. There has to be something we can do,'” she told PEOPLE in 2022.
If Americans already received alerts for weather and civil defense events, Simone thought, “why wouldn’t they do it for this?”
With that, the idea for the AMBER Alert system was born.
Diane Simone’s idea, which she called “Amber’s plan” stuck. Broadcasters in the Dallas-Fort Worth area partnered with law enforcement to alert people about abducted children. Before long, the system was renamed AMBER (America’s Missing: Broadcast Emergency Response) Alert.
The Legacy Of AMBER Alerts To This Day
According to the AMBER Alert website, the national system has saved over 1,000 children since its launch in 1996.
“AMBER Alerts also serve as deterrents to those who would prey upon our children,” the site added. “AMBER Alert cases have shown that some perpetrators release the abducted child after hearing the AMBER Alert.”
Here’s how AMBER Alerts work. Once law enforcement determines if a case meets certain criteria, authorities notify broadcasters and state transportation agencies. Alerts interrupt programming, appear on statewide transportation signs, show up on digital billboards, and even arrive as texts. As of 2015, AMBER Alerts also started showing up on Facebook.
Donna Williams, Amber Hagerman’s mother, said that the alert system named in memory of her daughter is bittersweet. In an interview in 2016, 20 years after Amber’s murder, she said, “There’s another part of me that wonders what would have happened if we would have had the alert when Amber went missing. Could it have helped bring her back to me?”
Detectives may not be able to bring Amber Hagerman back to her family — but they are still determined to find justice for the murdered nine-year-old. Arlington Police Sgt. Grant Gildon told PEOPLE that Amber’s case is very much still active.
“We continue to have leads,” he said. “A lot of people will refer to Amber’s case as, what’s commonly referred to as, a cold case. But for the Arlington Police Department, it has never been listed as a cold case because we’ve never gone 180 days without having some lead come in.”
Indeed, police are convinced that someone knows something about Amber Hagerman’s kidnapping that they haven’t yet shared. And they’re insistent that it’s not too late.
“Our hope is that someone in the community saw something. Maybe they didn’t come forward 25 years ago out of fear or not wanting to get involved,” Arlington Assistant Police Chief Kevin Kolbye said according to WFTV 9. “Whatever reason, we need folks to search their minds and bring forward anything that may be (of) value to our investigation.”
Investigators also disclosed in 2021 that they have DNA evidence that might belong to Amber’s killer. Hopefully, with evidence like that, or a new tip, police can finally solve Amber Hagerman’s kidnapping — and bring justice to the nine-year-old whose death saved hundreds of other children.
After learning about Amber Hagerman and the history of the AMBER alert system, read the story of Sally Horner, whose kidnapping inspired the novel Lolita. Then, read about the unsolved case of the Boy in the Box.