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King Alfred's Tower is also known as The Folly of King Alfred the Great, and was built to commemorate the end of the Seven Years' War.Facebook
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The triangular tower is 161 feet high and hollow, with a 205-step spiral staircase that visitors regularly climb to the top. Flickr/Carine06
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King Alfred's Tower, looming in the distance, on a particularly dour, British afternoon.Flickr/Lars Plougmannn
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British banker Henry Hoare II, otherwise known as Henry the Magnificent, conceived the architectural project in 1762. It was meant as a commemorative monument to celebrate the end of the Seven Years' War against France, and was built near Egbert's Stone — where Alfred the Great defeated the Danes in 878 A.D. Flickr/Clear Inner Vision
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A nearby sign from the National Trust, urging visitors not to litter in or around the historically protected structure.Flickr/Michael Day
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In addition to the Seven Years' War and King Alfred's defeat over the Danes, the tower was also intended to honor King George III coming to power in 1760.Flickr/Andrew Bone
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An upward-facing view of the sky-scraping tower during weather that is begging for one to climb its stairs to the top.Flickr/Ozzy Delaney
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King Alfred's Tower cost between $7,000 and $10,000 to build, and required more than one million red bricks to be transported to the Brewham, Somerset, site.Flickr/Alwyn Ladell
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King Alfred's Tower was designed by Henry Flitcroft in 1765. The British architect was inspired by the works of Andrea Palladio, a Venetian architect whose style was labeled Palladian.
While construction began around 1769, acquiring the exorbitant number of bricks became a challenge. The tower was thus only completed in 1772, which remains rather impressive, nonetheless.Flickr/Scott Wylie
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The conical roof of the triangular tower.Flickr/Alwyn Ladell
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Built as part of the Stourhead Estate, views from atop King Alfred's Tower provide for some incredibly scenic landscapes.Flickr/Jim Champion
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Some of the million-plus red bricks that construction efforts necessitated around 250 years ago.Flickr/Alwyn Ladell
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A particularly spooky view of the historic tower, as it collides with a full moon above England.Flickr/RAYANDBEE
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King Alfred's Tower is one of the many "follies" scattered across Britain. These were structures conceived by the nation's upper echelons at the height of British rule, as signs of wealth and symbolic power.Flickr/Andrew Bone
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A statue of King Alfred was placed into an alcove above the entrance, with a stone tablet inscription below it commemorating King Alfred's victory "against Danish invaders."Flickr/Alwyn Ladell
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The statue of King Alfred in all its glory.Flickr/stevekeiretsu
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The full inscription reads:
"ALFRED THE GREAT
AD 879 on this Summit
Erected his Standard
Against Danish Invaders
To him We owe The Origin of Juries
The Establishment of a Militia
The Creation of a Naval Force
ALFRED The Light of a Benighted Age
Was a Philosopher and a Christian
The Father of his People
The Founder of the English
MONARCHY and LIBERTY"Flickr/Alwyn Ladell
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While the pitch-black door isn't particularly inviting, the staircase within leads to gorgeous views and a breath of fresh air.Flickr/Alwyn Ladell
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The inside of King Alfred's Tower, which adults can marvel at for £3.40. A children's ticket costs half as much, while entry as a family runs at £7.40 — and National Trust members get in for free.Flickr/debs-eye
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Ironically, this tower — which was constructed to commemorate the end of a war — was itself damaged during World War II. Intending to reach Zeals Airfield nearby, an airplane carrying five Americans crashed into the conical roof due to the overly foggy weather. Wikimedia Commons
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One of the many battlements comprising the walls atop King Alfred's Tower.Flickr/Ozzy Delaney
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The tower, as well as King Alfred's statue, was restored in 1986.Flickr/Alwyn Ladell
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Depending on the weather, a trip to King Alfred's Tower could prove either gorgeous or foreboding.Flickr/Mark Robinson
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These apertures appear perfectly sized for archers to release arrows from — should any threat below arise.Flickr/Alwyn Ladell
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A clearer view of the triangular design and the tower roof.Facebook
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A bird's-eye view depicting just how perfectly symmetrical the triangular shape of King Alfred's Tower really is.Facebook
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From construction in honor of the Seven Years' War to a World War II-era plane crash into the roof, King Alfred's Tower remains standing — and can be visited cheaply today.Facebook
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A sideview of King Alfred's Tower.Flickr/Jim Champion
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At a little over 160 feet, King Alfred's Tower is higher than the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, France.Wikimedia Commons
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Acquiring the right amount of bricks led to a delay in construction, though the project was completed within three years — from 1769 to 1772.Facebook
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In April 1770, King Alfred's Tower stood at a measly 15 feet. Henry Hoare II was quoted as saying: "I hope it will be finished in as happy Times to this Isle as Alfred finished his Life of Glory in then I shall depart in peace." Fortunately for him, the tower's completion in 1772 occurred well before Hoare's death in 1785.Facebook
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Certainly not a bad place for an afternoon picnic. Facebook
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King Alfred's Tower is referenced in "Channel Firing," a 1914 poem by British Victorian-era novelist Thomas Hardy. He described the structure as being "far inland," which, at around 40 miles from the sea — it certainly is. Wikimedia Commons
Inside King Alfred’s Tower, A Stunning English Folly That’s Stood Since The 18th Century
With more than one million red bricks required for its construction and a rich history in that foundation, King Alfred's Tower remains a marvel to behold. Erected in the English countryside in 1772, it was conceived of 10 years prior by a wealthy estate owner at the height of British colonial rule.
It partially aimed to honor the end of the French and Indian War. As its name implied, however, the 161-foot structure in Brewham, Somerset, was primarily inspired by King Alfred — who roused troops in the area to defeat Danish invaders in 878 A.D.
Ultimately, the structure was merely a folly. These were monuments erected by the elite during great times of power. While they primarily served as displays of wealth, these 33 images of King Alfred's Tower confirm that its architectural beauty continues to outweigh its exorbitant cost.
The Early History Of King Alfred's Tower
Otherwise known as "The Folly of King Alfred the Great," King Alfred's Tower wasn't intended as a battle fortification — nor did it contain any living quarters. As a testament to British might, however, its colossal silhouette against the backdrop of the Stourhead Estate made for an impressive sight.
King Alfred's Tower, built by banker and Stourhead Estate owner Henry Hoare II, sits near Egbert's Stone — a folkloric landmark where Alfred the Great rallied his Saxon troops in May 878 A.D. to stave off an incoming invasion by the Danes. The King of Wessex proved victorious during the subsequent Battle of Edington.
Hoare conceived of the project in 1762, as the French and Indian War was nearing its end. Though King George III had ascended two years earlier and led those victories in the New World, Hoare clearly aimed to honor Alfred the Great with this folly instead — as a statue of King Alfred and the name itself implied.
The wealthy banker even fawned over King Alfred's Viking-era triumph in a letter he sent his daughter in 1764. He not only shared his architectural plans therein but his belief that the tower would be the pride of their Stourhead Estate.
Flickr/Andrew BoneKing Alfred's Tower is one of the many "follies" scattered across Britain. These were structures conceived by the nation's upper echelons at the height of British rule, as signs of wealth and symbolic power.
"I have one more scheme which will crown or top it all," wrote Hoare. "To erect a Tower on Kingsettle Hill ... I intend to build it on the plan of Sn Mark's Tower at Venice, 100 foot to the room which the staircase will lead to and four arches to look out in the four sides to the prospect all around."
Hoare hired renowned Palladian architect Henry Flitcroft to design the tower in 1765. Construction of the building began in 1769. With walls nearly three feet thick and more than one million red bricks required, the project underwent delays — and Hoare feared it would outlive him.
"I hope it will be finished in as happy Times to this Isle as Alfred finished his Life of Glory in then I shall depart in peace," Hoare wrote in April 1770.
Despite its cost of up to $10,000, it was finally completed in 1772. The legacy of King Alfred's Tower, however, didn't just end with its construction.
King Alfred's Tower In The 20th Century
The first known literary reference to King Alfred's Tower came in 1914 when Thomas Hardy published "The Channel Firing." The Victorian-era novelist described the structure, which is seated some 40 miles from the sea, as sitting "far inland."
Death has also cast its pall over the tower for centuries. Before the end of World War II, a Noorduyn Nordsman airplane crashed into the conical roof. All five Americans aboard lost their lives when foggy weather en route to Zeals Airfield led to the collision.
With its second centennial approaching, King Alfred's Tower had sustained a fair bit of damage. It was finally listed as a protected "Grade I" building in 1961. As a landmark of Britain's National Trust, the monument, King Alfred's statue, and commemorative inscription were restored in 1986.
Can You Climb King Alfred's Tower?
Flickr/debs-eyeThe inside of King Alfred's Tower, which adults can marvel at for £3.40. A children's ticket costs half as much, while entry as a family runs at £7.40 — and National Trust members get in for free.
Fortunately for the National Trust, a non-profit that funds heritage projects named Viridor Credits awarded the Stourhead Estate nearly $1 million in 2014 to restore its grounds and the tower itself. Public support was strong for the continuous protection of King Alfred's Tower.
"We are very grateful that Viridor Credits have recognized the importance of the tower to so many people and have given us this award," said National Trust spokeswoman Helen Sharp. "We also want to say a huge thank you to everyone who has supported the campaign to restore the tower."
Indeed, visitors have been taking in stunning views from the top of King Alfred's Tower for nearly 250 years, and can continue to do so — as long as they can brave the daunting 205-step spiral staircase to the roof.
Ultimately, it seems Henry Hoare II wasn't the only one passionate about his nation's history.
Long gone, he can rest easy knowing that his countrymen and women will publicly fight for the protection of his work when need be. As for King Alfred, his name is quite literally cemented for good in a folly that remains an enduring landmark for all to enjoy.
A former staff writer for All That’s Interesting, Marco Margaritoff holds dual Bachelor's degrees from Pace University and a Master's in journalism from New York University. He has published work at People, VICE, Complex, and serves as a staff reporter at HuffPost.
Jaclyn is the senior managing editor at All That's Interesting. She holds a Master's degree in journalism from the City University of New York and a Bachelor's degree in English writing and history (double major) from DePauw University. She is interested in American history, true crime, modern history, pop culture, and science.