Meet Leonarda Cianciulli, “The Soap-Maker Of Correggio” Whose Ingredients Came From Her Murder Victims

Published January 29, 2018
Updated June 25, 2020
Published January 29, 2018
Updated June 25, 2020

A mother would do anything for her children. Leonarda Cianciulli murdered for them.

Leonarda Cianciulli

Wikimedia CommonsLeonarda Cianciulli’s mugshot.

Before she was known as “The Soap-Maker of Correggio” who killed three women and turned their remains into soap and tea-cakes, Leonarda Cianciulli was a devoted Italian mother who wanted to keep her son safe from the terror of World War II.

Her story begins at the turn of the 20th century.
During her marriage, she got pregnant 17 times. Of the 17 times, three of the pregnancies were lost due to miscarriage, and 10 of the children died in their youth.

So when it came to her four surviving children, they couldn’t have asked for a more devoted — and protective — mother.

In 1939, Cianciulli’s son Giuseppe Pansardi — her eldest son who was also, reportedly, her favorite child — announced he was going to enlist in the Italian army. Like many Italians during that time, he wanted to do his part in the World War II effort.

This announcement, combined with her belief in ancient superstition, set the wheels in motion for Leonarda Cianciulli to become one of the most infamous female serial killers of the 20th century.

Leonarda Cianciulli’s Early Life Was Marred By Tragedy

Born on April 18, 1894, in the quaint southern Italian province of Montella — best known for its chestnuts — Leonarda Cianciulli had a tragic life seemingly from the start.

Leonarda Cianciulli In Her Youth

Wikimedia CommonsLeonarda Cianciulli in her youth (left), and shortly before she died in prison at age 79.

She attempted suicide twice before she became an adult. When she married Raffaele Pansardi, a registry clerk, in 1917, Cianciulli claimed her mother cursed her because she disapproved of the marriage.

In 1927, Cianciulli was imprisoned for fraud. Upon her release, she and her family moved from Potenza to Lacedonia, not far from her childhood home of Montella. On July 23, 1930, the Irpinia Earthquake struck. It would later be categorized as the most destructive earthquake in Italian history, but Cianciulli was one of the thousands who lost their homes in the disaster.

Leonarda Cianciulli

Wikimedia CommonsThe 1930 Irpinia Earthquake, which cost Leonarda Cianciulli her beloved family home.

Between the tragedies of her pre-adult suicides, her mother’s curse, and her various miscarriages and child deaths, Leonarda Cianciulli realized that her life — to put it bluntly — sucked. So, she went to see a fortune-teller for some insight. The fortune-teller, a traveling Romani woman, did nothing to quell her fears of a curse.

“In your right hand I see prison,” the fortune teller told her. “In your left, a criminal asylum.”

Superstition Or Mental Illness?

Today, it’s well understood that a woman can suffer from depression and anxiety after just one miscarriage, let alone three. And this is to say nothing of how her grief would be exponentially compounded by the deaths of 10 of her children that she brought to term.

If Leonarda Cianciulli were alive today, she’d most likely be diagnosed with clinical depression, sent to undergo therapy, and most likely be put on a regimen of anti-depressive medications.

But in the 1930s, while living in a small province nestled in the Matese and Picentini mountains in southern Italy, Leonarda Cianciulli was forced to resort to superstition and paranoia.

As it turns out, there is some evidence to suggest that Cianciulli’s superstitious beliefs were a sign of her deep-seated anxiety and depression. Clinical psychologists, today, believe that superstitions are born out of a fractured mind’s attempts to make sense of the nonsensical. And it’s easy to see how Cianciulli was struggling to make sense of a life that was tragic in many, many ways.

Perhaps if Leonarda Cianciulli had today’s clinical psychologists at her disposal, they could have prevented what was coming next.

A Gruesome Series Of Murders

Laboring under both her mother’s curse and the Romani fortune teller’s prediction, Leonarda Cianciulli became highly superstitious. When her son, Giuseppe, told her in late 1939, that he was going to join the Italian Army, Cianciulli turned to the one thing that she believed would keep her son safe: human sacrifice.

It’s unclear where Cianciulli got her idea to sacrifice humans in order to save her son from dying in World War II. The ancient Roman religion denounced human sacrifice as abhorrent, and the Roman Catholicism prevalent in Italy during Cianciulli’s time forbade human sacrifice as an abomination before God. Additionally, there’s no known Roma Gypsy belief or superstition that embraces human sacrifice.

Regardless of where she got her idea, Leonarda Cianciulli would go on to murder three women before she was finally caught.

The Victims

Leonarda Cianciulli’s first victim was a local spinster woman named Faustina Setti. Inviting Setti over under the guise of setting her up with a husband, Cianciulli had her write letters to her family members, telling them that she would be visiting the man abroad. But when Setti arrived at Cianciulli’s home, she drugged Setti with spiked wine before murdering her with an ax.

From there, she cut Setti into nine pieces and gathered her blood into a basin. In her official statement upon her arrest, she described the things she did to the body next:

“I threw the pieces into a pot, added seven kilos of caustic soda, which I had bought to make soap, and stirred the mixture until the pieces dissolved in a thick, dark mush that I poured into several buckets and emptied in a nearby septic tank. As for the blood in the basin, I waited until it had coagulated, dried it in the oven, ground it and mixed it with flour, sugar, chocolate, milk, and eggs, as well as a bit of margarine, kneading all the ingredients together. I made lots of crunchy tea cakes and served them to the ladies who came to visit, though Giuseppe and I also ate them.”

Cianciulli also reportedly took Setti’s life savings of 30,000 Italian lire (or $17.39; when adjusted for 2020 inflation, the equivalent of about $320), which she had received as payment for setting Setti up with a husband.

On September 5, 1940, Cianciulli found another victim named Francesca Soavi. As with Setti, Cianciulli convinced Soavi that she had organized a teaching job for her abroad, and made her write letters to her friends detailing her trip. And, as she had with Setti, she fed her drugged wine, killed her with an ax, baked her into teacakes, and stole her savings.

Her third victim, however, would be her last one.

Leonarda Cianciulli La Scala

Wikimedia CommonsLa Scala, a noted opera house in Milan, Italy, where Leonarda Cianciulli’s last victim once performed.

Virginia Cacioppo was a noted soprano who once sang at the famed La Scala opera house in Milan. Cianciulli had promised her a job working with an impresario in Florence, which prompted Cacioppo to pay her a visit on September 30, 1940. As with her previous two victims, Cianciulli fed Cacioppo spiked wine and killed her with an ax.

This time, however, instead of only baking her body into teacakes and feeding them to her neighbors, Cianciulli also melted her flesh down and turned it into soap.

“She ended up in the pot like the other two…her flesh was fat and white, when it had melted I added a bottle of cologne, and after a long time on the boil, I was able to make some most acceptable creamy soap. I gave bars to neighbors and acquaintances. The cakes, too, were better: that woman was really sweet.”

Leonarda Cianciulli’s Arrest, Death, And Legend

Though Leonarda Cianciulli thought she had committed the perfect murders, she could not have been more wrong.

Unlike her first two victims who had little or no family, Cacioppo had a sister — a very concerned sister. She didn’t believe Cacioppo’s letters detailing her quick departure, and had, in fact, seen her entering Cianciulli’s home the night she had “left.” Almost immediately, she reported her sister’s disappearance to the Reggio Emilia police, who quickly investigated Cianciulli.

At first, Leonarda Cianciulli defended herself, never admitting to any wrongdoing. It was only when the police openly accused her beloved son Giuseppe of the gruesome crimes that she finally broke down and admitted to everything.

Cianciulli’s trial lasted only a few days. She was found guilty of her crimes and granted a 33-year sentence that echoed the Romani woman’s prophecy with eerie accuracy: thirty years in a prison and three years in a criminal asylum.

On October 15, 1970, Leonarda Cianciulli died of cerebral apoplexy, a type of intracranial hemorrhage. She was 79 years old, and in the final year of her sentence in the asylum. Her body was returned to her family for burial, but her murder weapons — including the pot that her victims were boiled in — were donated to the Criminology Museum in Rome, Italy. To this day, museum visitors can see her collection of axes and peer inside the vat she used to boil human beings.

Serial Killer Leonarda Cianculli's Weapons

Wikimedia CommonsLeonara Cianciulli’s victims and her preferred murder weapons in the Italian Criminology Museum

But the story doesn’t end there.

In 1979, Lina Wertmuller — best known for her work on the infamous Italian film The Seduction of Mimi — produced the play Love & Magic in Mama’s Kitchen, which was based on the life of Leonarda Cianciulli, for the Spoleto Festival.

And, in 1983, Love & Magic in Mama’s Kitchen began a Broadway run, bringing Leonarda Cianciulli from the secluded hills of Avellino to the Great White Way.

If you thought Leonarda Cianciulli was a brutal serial killer, wait until you read about Elizabeth Bathory, who was so brutal she was known as the Blood Countess. Then, check out Leonard Lake, the hippie pornographer-turned-serial killer.

Katie Serena
Katie Serena is a New York City-based writer and a staff writer at All That's Interesting.