From the Great Pyramid of Giza to Lighthouse of Alexandria, take a breathtaking journey through the seven wonders of the ancient world.
The list of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World was compiled by the Greek writer Antipater of Sidon in a poem in 140 BC. He, along with Philo of Byzantium, Strabo, Herodotus and Diodoros of Sicily, are responsible for providing the descriptions of these sites.
Though only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World remains intact, records insist these gardens, statues and tombs were the crème de le crème of ancient times:
The Seven Wonders Of The Ancient World: Great Pyramid of Giza, Egypt
The Great Pyramid of Giza was built as a tomb in 2560 BC by the Egyptian pharaoh Khufu and is the only ancient wonder that still stands today in all its enigmatic and breathtaking glory. The 481 foot monument, which lost 30 feet off its top throughout the centuries, was built over a 20 year period with two million blocks of stone, each weighing more than two tons.
The interior has three chambers – the King’s chamber, the Queen’s chamber, and the lowest chamber – and ascending and descending passages. Apart from its sheer epic nature, the Great Pyramid of Giza is a wonder because of the immense thought and building process that went into it, which confirms the advanced knowledge and engineering skills of the ancient Egyptians.
The Seven Wonders Of The Ancient World: Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Iraq
The Hanging Gardens were built in the ancient city-state of Babylon, located south of modern-day Baghdad. The gardens were built in 600 BC by King Nebuchadnezzar II as a gift to his wife, Amytis of Media, who missed the plants of her homeland.
Though the gardens were destroyed by earthquakes after the 2nd century BC, their beauty was documented extensively by Greek historians, including Strabo, who said:
The Garden is quadrangular, and each side is four plethra long. It consists of arched vaults which are located on checkered cube-like foundations… The ascent of the uppermost terrace-roofs is made by a stairway.