25 Soviet Propaganda Posters From The Height Of The Cold War

Published April 11, 2017
Updated November 7, 2023

These vintage Soviet propaganda posters represent the peak of Cold War iconography and state-sponsored manipulation.

"If you do a pointless chat, you are helping spying rat" Koretsky, 1954

Help A Rat Soviet Propaganda Posters
This highlights the paranoia about double agents and spies that overtook the general populous and the governments (in both the USSR and the USA) during the Cold War.

"Let's conquer the virgin blue!" V. Gorlenko, 1964

Soviet Ducks
This was part of an effort to change farming tactics to better feed the Soviet people. The strategies included using experimental science to cultivate better soil and, as seen here, breeding more ducks to get cheap meat.

"Smoke Cigarettes," Rosanov, S. Sakharov, 1950

Smoke Cigarettes
The most notable thing about this poster is that it encourages people to smoke cigarettes, but isn't promoting a particular brand.

This is because all of the factories were being controlled by the Communist Party, so it didn't matter where people were buying their goods, they just needed to buy more of them.

"Man’s power – to help the woman!" A . Rudkovich, 1970

Help Women
The socialist society was meant to promote economic equality as well as equality within the home. This poster calls out men who play dominos while their wives do all of the housework.

“A Mighty Sports Power”, B Reshetnikov, 1962

Mighty Sports Power
This poster demonstrates the Soviet Union’s athletic dominance over the USA during a time when the Olympic games were marked by great tension between the United States and the Soviet Union.

"To Fly Higher Than All, Farther Than All, Faster Than All," D. Pjatkin, 1954

Soviet Propaganda Posters From The Cold War
The Soviets weren't going to stop building weapons just because the war was over. This poster, published one year after Stalin's death, aimed to assure the Union's citizens and enemies that it was still a force to contend with.

“If You Want To Be Like Me - Just Train!”, V. Koretskiy, 1951

Just Train
In order for Soviet Union citizens to work for the benefit of the country, a training program was introduced in 1931 to create Spartan-esque athletes. This program included running, high/long jumping, swimming, and gymnastics.

"People and the Party Are Undivided," M. V. Luk’janov and V.S. Karakashev, 1978

People Party Undivided
The artists depict marchers carrying banners to form an image of Vladimir Lenin's face.

"A man is a friend, comrade and brother to a man!" B. Soloviev, 1962

Soviet Propaganda Posters Friend
This poster was made just after the Moral Code of the Builder of Communism was adopted by the Party. Along with guidelines dictating how the economy should be structured, the plan also gave helpful guidelines on how to be a person, including rejecting laziness, lies, and money-grubbing.

"Glory to heroes of Brest Fortress," O. Savostjuk, B. Uspenskiy, 1969

Hero Heart
This poster features popular war slogans "I swear," "Viva Motherland," "No step backward," "Never retreat from the fortress," and "Death to fascism." It commemorates the defense of Brest by Soviet soldiers during World War II in 1941.

"Long live everlasting, indestructible friendship and cooperation between Soviet and Cuban nations!" J Kershin, S Gurarij, 1963

Cuba Soviet Propaganda Poster
The Soviet Union established close ties with Cuba in the 1960s in order to gain a strategic advantage against the United States. This poster is from Fidel Castro's visit to the country, when he was awarded the honor of "Hero of the Soviet Union."

“Glory to the explorers of space”, A. Leonov & A. Sokolov, 1971

Glory To Explorers
This poster expresses the obsession with space travel and highlights how the Soviet system of socialism and the nation’s technological superiority would pave the way for public space exploration.

"Tobacco is a poison. Quit smoking!" Ignat'ev N., 1957

Quit Smoking
This anti-smoking poster claimed that it only takes four cigarettes to kill a rabbit and 100 to kill a horse.

Even in the 1950s, the campaign took on a meme-ish quality. People all over the country made spoofs of the ad with slogans like "a drop of nicotine blows a hamster up to infinity."

"Same Year, Different Weather"

Soviet Propaganda Posters Thermometer
While the U.S. looks cloudy and bleak, the sun is shining in the USSR.

The black thermometer is labeled "American Industry Rate," which is apparently struggling compared to the Soviet's. The box at the bottom describes the purported economic crisis in America.

"Don’t you lie – ever!" G. Shubina, 1965

Soviet Propaganda Posters From The 1960s
Children were taught from a young age that honesty was one of the most important traits that a good citizen could have.

“Glory to the Soviet Science!” Unknown artist, 1957

Glory To Soviet Science

In the USSR, in the USA, Unknown Artist, 1950s

In Ussr In Usa
This poster presents a view of the differences between education in the USSR and education (or lack thereof) in America.

“While I was flying round the Earth on the Sputnik spaceship, I saw how beautiful our planet is”, A. Lozenko, 1987

While I Was Flying On Sputnik
The poster, as the name suggests, is in celebration of Soviet space exploration.

"The best grape wine - The Soviet Champagne" N. Martynov, 1952

Soviet Champagne
Everyone knows that the best governments have their own official brand of champagne. Recognizing the importance of getting its citizens affordable alcohol, the state sponsored an initiative to quicken the process of creating sparkling wine, making it less expensive.

"Vietnam Lives, Fights and Will Finally Win!" Suryaninov R., 1970

Vietnam Lives
In the USSR, a victory for communism anywhere was a victory for communism everywhere.

"Purity – to Seas!" V. Karakashev, L. Levshunova, 1973

Purity Seas
This poster was created after the 1973 United Nations Conference resulted in new international polluting laws aimed at reducing pollution in the oceans.

"Keep in revolutionary step!" V. Zhabsky, 1975

Revolutionary Step
This poster quotes a 1918 poem "The Twelve" about the October Revolution:

"Keep in revolutionary step!

The restless enemy in on alert!

Comrade, hold the rifle tight, don’t fear!

Let’s send a bullet in the Saint Russia!

Moth-eaten, backward, fatassed!"

Lenin, V. Briskin, 1970

Soviet Propaganda Posters Lenin
Against a backdrop of the Vietnam War and tensions with America, the Soviet Union was keen to promote a positive image of itself throughout the early 1970s. This poster is aimed toward foreigners with hopes of highlighting Lenin’s ideological superiority.

"Here’s our profit!" V. Koretsky, 1965

Heres Our Profit
This poster was made at a time when the Party was suggesting new economic policies in which individuals would have more control over their own profits and production costs, hoping that the prospect of earning money could better motivate citizens.

"Let Pluralism Live Long!" 1980's

Pluralism Live Long
In the 1980s, a young Mikhail Gorbachev was promoting an idea that citizens should be able to express their own opinions, even if it contradicted with the official Soviet stance. This poster reflects that concept by tweaking the classic "Hammer and Sickle" icon.

During World War II, Soviet propaganda posters focused primarily on demonizing Nazi Germany and celebrating national war efforts.

Though the artistic style of those campaigns persisted into the immediate post-war period, this era's propaganda shifted to focus on all aspects of life -- be they social, athletic, technological, or economic.

The approach shifted again during the height of the Cold War, when ads were mostly meant to assure citizens of the Soviet Union's superiority over the United States.

Throughout the decades, regardless of the exact content, all Soviet propaganda posters had to be colorful, uplifting, well-designed, and eye-catching in order for the messages to really stick. And they were.

So enjoy this compilation of the twenty-five most striking vintage Soviet propaganda posters. If it didn't go against the very socialist principles that these posters were promoting, we'd say that the Soviet Union's marketing team deserved a raise.

Next, take a look at 21 vile Nazi propaganda posters that are insidiously well made. Then, check out these fascinating American propaganda posters from World War II.

Savannah Cox
Savannah Cox holds a Master's in International Affairs from The New School as well as a PhD from the University of California, Berkeley, and now serves as an Assistant Professor at the University of Sheffield. Her work as a writer has also appeared on DNAinfo.
John Kuroski
John Kuroski is the editorial director of All That's Interesting. He graduated from New York University with a degree in history, earning a place in the Phi Alpha Theta honor society for history students. An editor at All That's Interesting since 2015, his areas of interest include modern history and true crime.
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Cox, Savannah. "25 Soviet Propaganda Posters From The Height Of The Cold War." AllThatsInteresting.com, April 11, 2017, https://allthatsinteresting.com/soviet-propaganda-posters. Accessed June 24, 2024.