This Day In History, December 10th

What happened on this day in history: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is adopted in 1948, Otis Redding dies in a plane crash in 1967, and more historical events from December 10th.

1768: Encyclopedia Britannica Is Published For The First Time

The first part of the Encyclopedia Britannica is published in Edinburgh, Scotland. The initial edition was released in small sections between 1768 and 1771, and it consisted of three volumes that were around 2,500 pages each. The encyclopedia pledged to provide “accurate definitions and explanations of all the Terms as they occur in the Order of the Alphabet.”

Britannica remained in print for 244 years, with the 15th official edition published in 1992. In 2012, the company announced it would no longer publish printed editions and instead focus exclusively on digital content.

1815: Ada Lovelace Is Born

This Date In History

Wikimedia CommonsAda Lovelace is remembered as the world’s first computer programmer.

Mathematician and writer Ada Lovelace is born to poet Lord Byron and his wife Lady Byron in London, England. Lovelace is best known for her work on the Analytical Engine, an early computer. She’s widely considered to be the first computer programmer due to her creation of the first algorithm that was intended to be used on the Analytical Engine and similar devices.

1936: King Edward VIII Of England Abdicates

King Edward VIII abdicates the throne to marry American divorcée, Wallis Simpson. The Marburg Files would later reveal the pair’s Nazi ties.

1948: The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights Is Adopted

The United Nations General Assembly adopts the Universal Declaration of Human Rights during an assembly in Paris, France. The document was drafted by representatives from various cultural, legal, religious, and political backgrounds. It detailed the “basic rights and fundamental freedoms” of human beings across the globe and acted as a “common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations.” Though not legally binding, the document has been incorporated into several international treaties and national constitutions.

1967: Otis Redding Dies

Otis Redding Plane Wreckage

Bettmann/Contributor via Getty ImagesA crane pulls the wreckage of Otis Redding’s plane out of Lake Monona in Wisconsin.

American singer and songwriter Otis Redding dies in a plane crash at the age of 26. Redding — also known as the “King of Soul” — achieved widespread fame for his work throughout the mid-1960s, and he performed across the United States as well as in major European cities. Redding and his band were traveling from Cleveland, Ohio to Madison, Wisconsin in heavy rain and fog when their plane crashed into Lake Monona while landing.

One of his most famous songs, “(Sittin’ On) The Dock of The Bay,” was released posthumously the following month, which rocketed to the top of the charts in the U.S. and U.K. He has since been given a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

1997: Julia Hill Climbs Into Redwood Tree In Protest

Julia “Butterfly” Hill climbs into a California redwood tree to prevent it from being cut down. She resided in the tree for 738 days.

2018: Texas Court Of Appeals Upholds Doctor Death’s Conviction

The Texas Court of Appeals upholds Doctor Death’s conviction. Doctor Death, or Christopher Duntsch, was a Dallas surgeon responsible for the mutilation of dozens of his patients and the death of at least two between 2011 and 2013. Those close to him stated that he had started spiraling in 2006, taking LSD and doing cocaine frequently. While working in Dallas, Duntsch operated on at least 38 patients, 31 of whom were left seriously injured or paralyzed because of the procedures. Eventually, the Texas Medical Board would strip Duntsch of his surgical privileges, and an investigation was launched.

In 2015, a jury convicted Duntsch of five counts of aggravated assault and one count of harming an elderly person. He was sentenced to life in prison for his crimes, and has unsuccessfully appealed his case ever since.