This Day In History, December 14th

What happened on this day in history: George Washington dies, Roald Amundsen reaches the South Pole, and more important events from December 14th.

1503: Nostradamus Is Born

This Day In History Nostradamus

Wikimedia CommonsAdherents claim that Nostradamus predicted everything from the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki to the September 11th attacks.

Astrologer and physician Michel de Nostredame, better known as Nostradamus, is born in Provence, France. Nostradamus is best known for the predictions of future events he recorded in his book Les Prophéties in 1555. Most of these prophecies involved general plagues, natural disasters, and wars, though some were more specific and eerily accurate.

For instance, he once warned King Henry II of France to avoid jousting — then Henry went on to die in a tragic jousting accident. Though scholars debate the veracity of his prophecies, he’s also been credited with accurately predicting the French Revolution, the Great Fire of London, and the rise of Adolf Hitler.

1546: Tycho Brahe Is Born

Tycho Brahe, one of the world’s most important astronomers, is born in Denmark. Brahe is most known today for his accurate astronomical calculations and charismatic personality. His interest in astronomy stemmed from his observance of a supernova in 1572. He dedicated himself to the field, opening his own observatory on an island. During his career, he conducted a comprehensive study of the solar system and accurately charted the position of more than 777 fixed stars, all before the invention of the telescope.

1799: George Washington Dies

George Washington On His Deathbed

Junius Brutus Stearns/Dayton Art InstituteGeorge Washington on his Deathbed by Junius Brutus Stearns, 1851.

George Washington, the first president of the United States, dies after a brief yet mysterious illness at his Mount Vernon home in Virginia. Just one day prior, he had complained of a sore throat after spending an evening outdoors in the cold and rain. On the day of his death, Washington woke up having difficulty breathing due to his swollen throat, and his doctors removed around five pints of his blood, hoping to reduce inflammation. In the end, Washington died between 10 and 11 p.m., and his final words were reportedly, “‘Tis well.”

1911: Roald Amundsen Reaches The South Pole

Roald Amundsen

Wikimedia CommonsRoald Amundsen also led the first successful expedition to ever traverse the Northwest Passage.

Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen becomes the first person to reach the South Pole. He set off on his expedition from Oslo, Norway in June 1910, and his ship arrived in Antarctica in January 1911.

That October, Amundsen and four team members set off with 52 sled dogs toward the South Pole. He was in a race to beat British explorer Robert F. Scott, who was also in Antarctica on a quest to reach the pole. Amundsen achieved his goal on Dec. 14, just over a month before Scott.

2012: The Sandy Hook School Shooting

Adam Lanza, a 20-year-old man from Newtown, Connecticut, kills his mother and then fatally shoots 26 people at Sandy Hook Elementary School before taking his own life. It was the deadliest elementary school shooting in American history, with 20 six- and seven-year-old students and six teachers and administrators killed. To this day, Lanza’s motives remain unclear. Afterward, the tragedy sparked numerous conspiracy theories, notably by radio host Alex Jones, who claimed that the shooting was a hoax.