What happened on this day in history: Langston Hughes is born in 1901, the Dyatlov Pass Incident unfolds in 1959, and more events from February 1st.
1901: Langston Hughes Is Born
James Mercer Langston Hughes is born in Joplin, Missouri. A celebrated writer famous as a leader of the Harlem Renaissance, Hughes penned a number of iconic poems like The Negro Speaks of Rivers (1921), The Weary Blues (1924), and I, Too, Sing America (1945). His most famous poem is perhaps Harlem (1951), which opens with the immortal line: “What happens to a dream deferred?”
1953: The North Sea Flood Devastates Europe
The Netherlands, Belgium, England, and Scotland are struck by the North Sea Flood following a catastrophic storm. The rising tides engulfed scores of towns and farmlands, as the water level reached nearly 20 feet above sea level in some places. In the end, the flood resulted in the deaths of an estimated 2,400 people and tens of thousands of livestock.
1959: Nine Die In The Dyatlov Pass Incident
Nine young Soviet hikers die mysteriously while hiking through the Ural Mountains. The cause of the so-called Dyatlov Pass Incident, which left the nine hikers with strange injuries like missing eyes, remains debated to this day. Some believe that their deaths were caused by an avalanche, while others ascribe it to a yeti attack or a secret Soviet missile test.
Even after more than 60 years, this incident is rife with mysteries that remain as chilling as they are bizarre.
1968: The “Saigon Execution” Photo Is Taken
Brigadier General Nguyễn Ngọc Loan shoots a Viet Cong prisoner named Nguyễn Văn Lém in Saigon, Vietnam. Captured in an historic photograph, this execution became one of the most enduring images from the Vietnam War. The so-called Saigon Execution photo, taken by Associated Press photographer Eddie Adams, shocked people across the world.
Taken on the heels of the Tet Offensive, which proved to be a major blow to U.S. and South Vietnamese forces, this photo helped turn the tide of American public opinion against the war. In the words of historian Robert J. McMahon, the photo “fed into a developing narrative in the wake of the Tet offensive that the Vietnam War was looking more and more like an unwinnable war. And I think more people began to question whether we were, in fact, the good guys in the war or not.”