What happened on this day in history: The War of 1812 ends, Michael Jordan is born, and more events from February 17th.
1801: Thomas Jefferson Is Elected President
Thomas Jefferson is elected as the third president of the United States. At 33, Jefferson became a Founding Father after drafting the American Declaration of Independence. Jefferson strongly opposed a strong centralized government, and frequently attacked Federalist policies in the new United States. As president, Jefferson cut the budget, eliminated taxes, and reduced national debt. His most famous legacy as president stemmed from his purchase of the Louisiana Territory in 1803, which doubled the territory of the United States. In his second term as president, Jefferson fell out of favor after placing an embargo on American shipping. After his presidency, he retired peacefully at his estate in Virginia, and died on American Independence Day.
1815: The War Of 1812 Comes To An End
The War of 1812 ends after the U.S. Congress ratifies the Treaty of Ghent. The conflict, which pitted the United States against Great Britain, started in June 1812 due to various tensions between the two nations over issues like Britain’s restrictions on American trade. Though the U.S. suffered great losses during the conflict — including the capture of Washington, D.C and the burning of the White House in 1814 — many Americans saw the war as a victory, as American forces had frequently succeeded in repelling British troops.
1909: Apache Chief Geronimo Dies
Geronimo dies of pneumonia in Fort Sill, Oklahoma at the age of 79. An historic Apache leader, Geronimo spent his life resisting both Mexican and American military forces seeking to take his people’s territory and restrict their way of life. Though he frequently broke out of Native American reservations, Geronimo eventually surrendered to U.S. troops in 1886 and spent the last 14 of his life largely constrained to the Comanche and Kiowa reservation.
1963: Michael Jordan Is Born
Michael Jordan is born in Brooklyn, New York. Widely called the greatest player in NBA history, Jordan made a name for himself with the Chicago Bulls in the 1980s and 1990s, winning six championships along the way. In addition to basketball, Jordan also found success as a businessman and entertainer, partnering with Nike to produce Air Jordan sneakers and starring as himself in the 1996 movie Space Jam. Meanwhile, however, he suffered unimaginable tragedy following the 1993 murder of his father, James Jordan.
2014: Breck Bednar Is Murdered
Fourteen-year-old Breck Bednar is murdered by 18-year-old Lewis Daynes in Grays, England. The two had developed a friendship online before Daynes lured Bednar to his apartment, where he bound Bednar with duct tape and stabbed him in the neck. Daynes later pleaded guilty to Bednar’s murder and was sentenced to 25 years in prison.