What happened on this day in history: St. Francis of Assisi dies, O.J. Simpson is acquitted of murder, and more of the most momentous events of October 3rd.
1226: St. Francis Of Assisi Dies
St. Francis of Assisi dies in Assisi, Italy, at the age of 44, allegedly after receiving the stigmata from an angel. The founder of the Franciscan religious order, Assisi was a Catholic friar who venerated nature and instructed his followers to live like Jesus Christ. He was canonized as a saint in 1228 and is one of Italy’s patron saints to this day, with an annual feast celebrated on the day after his death.
1863: Thanksgiving Becomes An American Holiday
At the height of the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln declares a national day of Thanksgiving following a Union Army victory at the Battle of Gettysburg. In addition, Lincoln proclaimed that every fourth Thursday in November would thenceforth be celebrated as Thanksgiving. Though President Franklin D. Roosevelt briefly moved the holiday to the third Thursday, it was permanently set to be the fourth Thursday in 1941.
1990: Germany Becomes Reunified
Germany becomes reunified after 45 years of separation. After the Second World War, Germany was split into essentially two sections: the Allied-controlled west and the Soviet-controlled east. In November of 1989, the Berlin Wall, a wall which separated Berlin, fell. The Soviet Union would later fall in 1991, bringing an end to the Cold War. With the reunification of Germany, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization granted membership to the state and Berlin became the official capital of reunified Germany.
1995: O.J. Simpson Is Acquitted
Former football star Orenthal James “O.J.” Simpson is acquitted in the murder of his ex-wife, Nicole Brown, and her friend, Ron Goldman, more than a year and a half after they were found brutally stabbed to death at Brown’s Los Angeles home. Though Simpson maintained his innocence, he was later found liable for Brown and Goldman’s deaths in civil court in 1997. He nevertheless maintains his innocence to this day.
2011: Lisa Irwin Goes Missing
Ten-month-old Lisa Irwin goes missing from her home in Kansas City, Missouri in the middle of the night. Despite a number of clues, including three cell phones that were also taken from the house, Irwin has never been found. Though some believe that she was killed by her mother, others contend that she was kidnapped by a stranger and may still be alive.