This Day In History, October 9th

What happened on this day in history: The death of Holocaust hero Oskar Schindler, the execution of serial killer Aileen Wuornos, and more momentous events from October 9th throughout history.

1635: Roger Williams Is Banished From Massachusetts Bay Colony

Theologian and author Roger Williams is banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. A Puritan minister, Williams was expelled by the General Court of Massachusetts for calling for religious tolerance, which officials saw as “Satan’s Policy.” He went on to establish the neighboring Colony of Rhode Island, the forerunner of the very state itself. To this day, he’s remembered for his beliefs regarding separation of church and state as well as fair treatment of Native Americans.

1963: The Vajont Dam Disaster Kills 2,000 People

Today In History October 9

Vajont Survivor’s CommissionThe city of Longarone, before and after the Vajont Dam disaster.

The slope of Mt. Toc, 62 miles north of Venice, Italy, collapses into a reservoir held behind the Vajont Dam. As a result, a wave between approximately 330 feet wide and 500 feet high plunged over the side of the dam and into the valley below. The so-called Vajont Dam Disaster destroyed the villages of Longarone, Pirago, Villanova, Rivalta, and Fae, and killed 2,000 people.

1974: Oskar Schindler Dies

Oskar Schindler Portrait

Wikimedia CommonsOskar Schindler was named Righteous Among the Nations by the Israeli government in 1993 for his heroics during the Holocaust.

Oskar Schindler dies in Hildesheim, Germany, at the age of 66. A German industrialist, Schindler is credited with saving the lives of 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust by employing them in his enamelware factory in Poland and bribing Nazi officials. His story was depicted in Thomas Keneally’s 1982 novel and Steven Spielberg’s 1993 film, both entitled Schindler’s List.

2002: Aileen Wuornos Is Executed

Aileen Wuornos

Acey Harper/The LIFE Images Collection/Getty ImagesAn investigator holds a photo of Aileen Wuornos and her first victim, Richard Mallory.

Aileen Wuornos is executed by lethal injection at Florida State Prison at the age of 46. One of history’s deadliest woman serial killers, Wuornos was convicted of killing six men who had hired her as a prostitute. Wuornos claimed that the men had tried to rape her and that she’d acted in self-defense, and her story was later made into a 2003 movie, Monster.

2012: Malala Is Shot By Taliban

Malala is shot by the Taliban for speaking out about women’s rights to education. Malala Yousafzai was a Pakastani education activist. Growing up in Pakistan’s Swat Valley, Malala went to a school owned by her father. When she was 11, the Taliban took control of her hometown, banning women from attending school. Malala immediately spoke out against these policies, and quickly became a target. While Malala made her way home from school, a Taliban soldier shot her in the head. She woke up 10 days later in a hospital in England. After recovering from her injuries, Malala began her fund to help aid women around their world in their efforts to go to school.