“Girl Baseball Players” Cigarette Pack Cards Of The 1880s

Published March 28, 2017
Polka Dot Laying Down
Type 1, Card 4. Note the prominent "Virginia Brights Cigarettes" logo at the bottom.The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

Polka Dot Picking Up Ball
Type 1, Card 5. The most prominent display of the polka-dotted bibs in the set. Note the absence of the Virginia Brights logo, lost, perhaps, from frequent handling.The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

The Batter With Catcher, From Type 2 Series of Baseball Cards
"The Batter," Type 2. Note the Virginia Brights Cigarettes box logo, common in Type 2 cards.The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

Stealing Second Baseball Girls, From Type 2 Series of Baseball Cards
"Stealing Second," Type 2. The only card in the set with a title that describes the scene.The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

Polka Dot Tagging
Type 1, Card 7. Appears to depict a second baseman tagging out a runner. The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

Catcher Not Looking At Ball
Type 2, Card 1. A mitt-less catcher in front of a stadium matte painting. The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

Polka Dot Catching Mask Ground
Type 1, Card 6. Note the primitive catcher's mask.The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

Second Base Foot On Bag
Second Base, Type 2.The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

The Catcher Hands On Knees
Catcher, Type 2.The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

Faded Picking Up Ball
Type 1, Card 3. A rare Type 1 card without the Virginia Brights Cigarettes logo.The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

Centerfield Pop Up Catch
Center Field, Type 2.The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

Pitcher Winding Up
Pitcher, Type 2.The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

Pitcher Winding Up Dots
Type 1, Card 2.The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

Polka Dot Handkerchief
Type 1, Card 1. A Type 1 card featuring a pitcher sporting a polka dotted handkerchief. Polka dots become standard in the Type 2 series.The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

Third Base Catching Baseball Girl
Type 2, Card 3.The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

Faded Catching Ball
Type 2, Card 3. The matte painting suggests she's at first base.The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

Number Six Hands On Knees
Type 2, Card 6. Her position is unspecified, but her stance suggests that she's in the outfield.The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

Faded Eyes On The Ball
Type 2, Card 4. Note the reversed "4." The matte painting indicates she's at first base.The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

First Base Catching Foot On Bag
First Base, Type 2.The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

First Base Catching Baseball Girl
First Base, Type 2.The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

Second Base Catching Wrinkled
Second Base, Type 2.The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

Faded Shortstop Hands Knees
Shortstop, Type 2.The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

Super Faded About To Throw
Type 2, Card Number Unknown.The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

Third Base Catching Smiling
Third Base, Type 2.The Metropolitan Museum of Art/Allen & Ginter

In 1886, Virginia tobacco manufacturer Allen & Ginter created two unusual series of baseball cards to promote their Virginia Brights brand.

Virginia Brights, according to the firm, were "unexceptionably fine" and "unusually mild" cigarettes from the state's "Bright Districts" that offered "great comfort and satisfaction to those who inhale the smoke of their cigarettes."

To peddle that satisfaction to their predominantly male smokers, Allen & Ginter chose not to include cards featuring hand-painted portraits of star baseball players from the era in their cigarette packs, an increasingly common practice. Instead, they hired female models to pose as baseball players in two series of sepia-toned baseball cards.

The "Type 1" "Girl Baseball Players" series shows a female baseball player or players wearing a polka-dotted bib. The "Type 2" series, lessening the indignity, depicts the women in standard uniforms, sometimes with player positions noted somewhere on the image.

These novelty baseball cards weren't meant merely for promotional purposes: Their stiffness helped the ten hand-rolled cigarettes in the pack stay uncrushed and intact, the second instance in the production pipeline of female labor ensuring a quality smoke.

In an industry-changing move, that same year Allen & Ginter also became the first tobacco company to employ females, with more than 1,000 girls hand-rolling Virginia Brights and other brands at their Richmond warehouses.

But work for women on the baseball diamond was still unavailable. More than a half-century before A League of Their Own-era women proved their baseball bonafides, these anonymous women, instead of even being given the chance to play, were used as props to help convince men to prolong a deadly smoking habit.

Why did Allen & Ginter use these women in this way? The images in the gallery above, while playful, are far from pornographic, even by late 19th-century American standards. And there do not appear to be any contemporary accounts of Allen & Ginter's motives for creating the cards, leaving one to wonder and worry if misogynist ridicule, as opposed to titillation, sparked their creation.


Next, read the tale of Jackie Mitchell, the 17-year-old girl who struck out Babe Ruth. Then, discover the history of America's defunct baseball teams.

Kellen Perry
Kellen Perry writes about television, history, music, art, video games, and food for ATI, Grunge, Ranker, Ranker Insights, and anyone else that will have him.