Dunoon is a small, unassuming town in Scotland with a population of just 8,300 people. However, one weekend per year, at the end of August, that population triples or even quadruples in size. That’s because for over a hundred years the town has hosted the Cowal Highland Gathering, the biggest Highland Games event in Scotland.
While the origins of human games and sports predate recorded history, this particular tradition began in 1894 with less than 2,000 spectators. It would only take a few years for the audience to triple and for the games to start attracting overseas competitors.
Like other Highland Games, the Dunoon festival features pipe band and traditional dancing competitions, as well as athletic feats typically referred to as heavy events. Nowadays 20,000 to 25,000 people attend the games and watch over three thousand competitors from around the world.
Cowal Games Chieftain
Each year, a chieftain is elected to oversee the festivities and present awards to the winners Source: Cowal Gathering
Cowal Games Audience
The 1950 Cowal Games set an attendance record of over 30,000 people, including then-Prime Minister Clement Attlee Source: Wiki Wand
When the Gathering ends, all of the bands get together and salute the chieftain by playing “Highland Laddie” in unison. Afterwards they parade through town and show off their trophies. Source: The Daily Record
Highland dancing is another traditional competition featured in most Highland Games. The Cowal Games host the annual World Highland Dancing Championship. Source: Jonathan Faulds
Male Highland Dancers
Originally, only men would take part in Highland Games dancing competitions, although now it is an event practiced almost exclusively by women. Women were never actually forbidden from participating, though; in fact they would often learn Highland dancing as part of their dance classes. Source: Caithness
ecently, the Cowal Games added kids dancing competitions to help keep the tradition alive Source: The Guardian
Bagpipe players can also take part in solo competitions Source: Cowal Gathering
Pipers compete in different playing styles such as Piobaireachd and March and Strathspey. Different categories for pipers exist for varying skill levels and experience. Source: Cowal Gathering
For many spectators, the heavy events are the highlight of the games Source: Wikipedia
The Caber Tosser
The caber toss is arguably the most popular and well-known Highland event Source: The Guardian
Contrary to popular belief, the distance covered by the caber is irrelevant. The tosser’s goal is to flip the caber end over end once, and then have it land as close to the “12 o’clock position” as possible or, in other words, in line with the direction of the run. Source: Pix Shark
The traditional Scottish caber is made from larch, stands 19 feet 6 inches tall and weighs 175 pounds. Nowadays, smaller versions are available to accommodate tossers of all sizes. Source: Fat Lucas
The Stone Put
The stone put is another traditional heavy event. It’s similar to the shot put except that it uses a regular stone instead of a uniform steel ball. Source: Syracuse
The men use the famous 34-pound Cowal Stone for the stone put Source: The Daily Record
The Hammer Throw
The Scottish hammer throw is actually the original version of this event. Unlike the modern hammer throw, the weight is attached to a wooden shaft instead of a chain. Source: Tumblr
While the thrower is allowed to use any technique they want, they can only use one hand and the longest throw wins. Most Highland Games have two separate weight-throwing events, one with a light weight and the other with a heavy one. Here, a competitor throws the heavy weight (28 pounds for women, 56 pounds for men). Source: Jonathan Faulds
Weight Over the Bar
“Weight over the bar” is an event similar to weight throw, except that the weight is thrown vertically. Source: Blogspot
Wrestling isn’t regularly a part of Highland Games, but the Cowal Gathering introduced traditional “backhold” wrestling in 2007 Source: Fotofling Scotland
Beginning in 2003, the Cowal Games added another day to the festivities to incorporate the 5K Cowal Run. Source: Dunoon Hill Runners
Shinty, a sport similar to field hockey, was a part of the Cowal Games until 2007 Source: Visit Cairngorms
Savannah Cox holds a Master's in International Affairs from The New School as well as a PhD from the University of California, Berkeley, and now serves as an Assistant Professor at the University of Sheffield. Her work as a writer has also appeared on DNAinfo.