How 9/11 Hero Mark Bingham Helped Lead A Passenger Revolt On Flight 93 — And Became An LGBTQ Icon

Published May 10, 2022
Updated May 16, 2022

Moments before his death on September 11th, Mark Bingham bravely fought back against the terrorists who had hijacked his plane. His heroism later inspired many to reconsider gay stereotypes.

On September 11, 2001, terrorists used planes to hit the Twin Towers and the Pentagon. But a fourth plane never struck its intended target – which may have been the U.S. Capitol or the White House. And that was because of brave men and women like Mark Bingham, who sacrificed their lives to save countless others.

But who was Mark Bingham? Celebrated as a gay hero after 9/11, Bingham was a 31-year-old public relations executive — who nearly missed his flight that fateful morning.

Mark Bingham’s Fateful Flight On 9/11

Mark Bingham

National Park ServiceMark Bingham, one of the heroes of United Flight 93.

Mark Bingham barely made it to the airport on a sunny Tuesday morning in 2001. He woke up on September 11 in Manhattan with a plane to catch in Newark. Thanks to a ride from a friend, Bingham made it to the airport at 7:40 a.m. for his 8:01 a.m. takeoff.

Somehow, Bingham made it to his gate and boarded the plane. He was the last passenger on United Airlines Flight 93.

Before the flight took off, Bingham called his friend. “Hey, it’s me,” Bingham said. “Thanks for driving so crazy to get me here. I’m in first class, drinking a glass of orange juice.”

The plane sat on the ground for over 40 minutes because of air traffic. Finally, at 8:42 a.m., the flight took off. In the air, flight attendants served coffee and a light breakfast. And then, at 9:30 a.m., three hijackers rushed the cockpit.

The hijackers killed both pilots. Then over the P.A., a hijacker impersonating a pilot announced, “There is a bomb on board, we are meeting their demands, we are heading back to the airport.” Minutes after the terrorists took the cockpit, the plane changed course and flew toward Washington.

Flight 93 Memorial

AnneAMB/Wikimedia CommonsThe Flight 93 National Memorial includes the photograph of all the crew and passengers. Mark Bingham is in the second row, third from the left.

The terrified passengers reached out to loved ones using the plane’s phones and their cell phones.

Already, the first plane had struck the Twin Towers. Then the second plane hit. The men and women on Flight 93 quickly realized that there was no bomb on their plane – instead, the hijackers planned to crash the plane to claim more lives.

In the midst of the panic, fellow passenger Todd Beamer called airphone operator Lisa Jefferson. With the FBI on the line, Jefferson listened to Beamer relate the hijacking. The two spoke for 13 long minutes. They prayed together. And Beamer told Jefferson about an audacious plot to retake the plane from the terrorists.

“You ready,” Jefferson heard Beamer say to someone on the plane. “Okay, let’s roll.”

A Final Phone Call To His Mother

On the morning of Sept. 11, 2001, Mark Bingham’s mother was in Saratoga, California at her brother’s house. Six months earlier, Alice Hoagland had given birth to triplets as a surrogate for her brother and his wife.

The sun had not yet risen in the Bay Area when the landline rang. Hoagland was holding one of the triplets in her arms when her sister-in-law handed her the phone.

“I’m on a flight from Newark to San Francisco,” Bingham told his mother. “Three guys on board have taken over the airplane. They say they have a bomb.”

Bingham told his mother that he loved her. Then the line went dead.

Hoagland was in shock. “Everything was surreal from that second forward,” Hoagland’s sister-in-law recalled. “It was a life change forever.”

Alice Hoglan

Stephen Jaffe/AFP via Getty ImagesMark Bingham’s mother, Alice Hoagland, at a White House ceremony six months after 9/11.

Frantic, Hoagland called her son’s cell phone. But Mark Bingham never heard the messages his mom left on his cell phone. By then, the passengers on Flight 93 had already decided to fight back.

Storming The Cockpit Of United Flight 93

Before 2001, pilots were warned to appease hijackers. But the passengers on Flight 93 had no intention of quietly complying.

Seven crew members and 33 passengers flew on Flight 93. And they worked together to take out the terrorists, even knowing what it would likely cost them their lives.

Mark Bingham played rugby. Another passenger was a college quarterback. The flight also included a judo champion and a paratrooper.

In the back of the plane, flight attendant Sandy Bradshaw heated up coffee pots with boiling water to throw at a hijacker. In her last moments, Bradshaw told her husband, “Everyone’s running to first class. I’ve got to go. Bye.”

Tom Burnett was sitting next to Mark Bingham. “If they’re going to run this plane into the ground,” Burnett said, “we’re going to do something.”

United Flight 93 Crash Site

US GovernmentThe crater where Flight 93 hit the ground in Pennsylvania.

Burnett told his wife, “I know we’re all going to die. There’s three of us who are going to do something about it. I love you, honey.”

At 9:57 a.m., the passengers and crew launched their counterattack. The cockpit recorder caught the sounds —breaking dishes, service trolleys crashing. The hijackers screamed as they held the door. But the passengers broke through. “Let’s get them!” someone screamed.

Those were the final minutes of Flight 93. Moments later, the plane crashed in a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania, killing everyone on board.

Mark Bingham’s Enduring Legacy

In the aftermath of 9/11, the men and women of Flight 93 became national heroes. And Mark Bingham became a gay icon.

“The media portrayal of gays (lots of it by gays themselves) is as effeminate,” openly gay conservative commentator Andrew Sullivan wrote in the days after the terrorist attack. “Well, as we found out last week, Mark Bingham could cut it. He’s a hero, plain and simple.”

As some celebrated Bingham’s heroism, his family mourned their loss. Bingham was Alice Hoagland’s only son. Hoagland, a former flight attendant, appeared on media shows to share her knowledge of airline security and her grief over the loss of her son.

Mark Bingham On September 11th Memorial

Luigi Novi/Wikimedia CommonsMark Bingham’s name on the 9/11 memorial in Manhattan.

Mark Bingham had run with the bulls in Spain. He’d fought an armed mugger rather than hand over his wallet. And he’d once tackled Stanford’s mascot — a tree — at a football game.

After graduating from Berkeley, Bingham worked in public relations. He traveled the world and played rugby.

“He didn’t politicize his sexuality at all,” remembers Per Casey, Bingham’s roommate and friend. “It’s ironic that in death he is being celebrated for something he did not think was worth politicizing. And that’s lucky for all of us, and unlucky for people who are biased against us. What he did is both inconceivable and great.”

Another friend, Hani Durzy, said, “My feeling is that if told he would become a gay icon he would laugh. Then he would sit back and think, ‘But if this is going to do some good for the gay community, then so be it — good.'”


The events of 9/11 claimed 3,000 lives, making it the deadliest terrorist attack in history. After learning about the heroism of Mark Bingham, read the tragic story of Scott Davidson, Pete Davidson’s dad who died rescuing people from the World Trade Center, and see powerful photographs from 9/11.

Genevieve Carlton
Genevieve Carlton earned a Ph.D in history from Northwestern University with a focus on early modern Europe and the history of science and medicine before becoming a history professor at the University of Louisville. In addition to scholarly publications with top presses, she has written for Atlas Obscura and Ranker.