Battle of Gettysburg, July 1-3, 1863
The three-day battle of Gettysburg was the turning point in the American Civil War.
After two years of fighting conducted mostly in the South, Confederate general Robert E. Lee decided to take the war to the North. And so, after weeks of maneuvering and skirmishes, the Northern forces, led by George Meade, met the Southern forces in the hills of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
The armies engaged in a standoff for two days on the battlefield before Lee decided to fully assault the North’s line by charging with his troops. The result was the infamous slaughter known as Pickett’s Charge. Though both sides suffered heavy losses, the South struggled the most to recover.
The war continued for two years, but the setback at Gettysburg kept the Southern forces on the defensive and entrenched in their own territory, leading to their eventual defeat.