Marie Antoinette’s Prized Jewelry Collection Is On Display – And On Sale – For The First Time In 200 Years

Published November 2, 2018
Updated November 3, 2018

"I think she probably was one of the original, you know, the original 'it girl'. Honestly, in terms of her style and her relationship to fashion and jewelry."

Marie Antoinette's Necklace
Marie Antoinette Pendant
Marie Antoinette Rings
Marie Antoinette Pearl Necklace
Marie Antoinette’s Prized Jewelry Collection Is On Display – And On Sale – For The First Time In 200 Years
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Pieces of French history are on display for the first time in over 200 years, and if you have a few hundred thousand dollars that you're looking to spend you can own some of it, too.

Jewelry from infamously luxurious — and final— French monarch Marie Antoinette's flashy collection is set to be auctioned off by Sotheby's on Nov. 12 in Geneva, Switzerland as part of the Royal Jewels from the Bourbon-Parma family sale.

The personal collection features a natural pearl and diamond pendant, a diamond brooch, and a couple of pearl necklaces. Each piece of jewelry is estimated to pull in anywhere from $20,000 to $2 million dollars.

"I think she probably was one of the original, you know, the original 'it girl'. Honestly, in terms of her style and her relationship to fashion and jewelry," Frank Everett, vice president and sales director for Sotheby's jewelry, reported.

Marie Antoinette

Wikimedia CommonsA portrait of a young Marie Antoinette, circa 1767-1768.

History's Most Lavish Queen

Marie Antoinette was the last Queen of France before the revolution and was known for her extravagant style and taste in jewelry. Born in Vienna, Austria in 1755 to the Holy Roman Emperor Francis I and the Habsburg Empress Maria Theresa, Marie Antoinette became a part of French royalty when she married the future King Louis XVI before she had even turned 16-years-old.

She thrived in a royal lifestyle. She and her husband notoriously enjoyed the finer things in life and as a result, became the subject of brutal gossip by their constituents. It was already an unsettling time for European monarchs and the public thrust the blame for much of their problems onto the king and queen.

During the inevitable French revolution, Marie Antoinette's luxurious lifestyle came crashing down. She and her family were forced to live under the watchful eye of revolutionary authorities and later planned an escape out of France.

Unfortunately, all of the royal family never made it out. King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette were arrested in 1791 before they could flee and were executed by a guillotine in Oct. 1793. However, before her arrest, Marie Antoinette was able to safely smuggle her jewelry collection out of France.

Marie Antoinette Jewelry

Laura Ly/CNNPart of the collection Royal Jewels from the Bourbon Parma Family, which is headlined by Marie Antoinette's jewelry, up for sale by Sotheby's.

The Jewels Survive The French Revolution

Just before she was arrested, Marie Antoinette carefully wrapped her exquisite gems and jewelry in cotton and placed them inside a wooden box.

"This is how she spent her last night of freedom, it was caring for these jewels," Everett continued. Indeed, according to an account from the last Queen's handmaid, she spent an entire evening packing her jewels.

The wooden box then journeyed to Vienna by way of Brussels where it was placed in the helping hands of Florimond Claude, Comte de Mercy Argenteau, an Austrian diplomat and loyal friend of the queen.

During the revolution, Marie Antoinette and King Louis XVI's two children were also captured. Their young son died at the age of 10 shortly after he was seized, but their daughter, Marie-Thérèse, survived three years of solitary confinement and was released in 1795.

Marie-Thérèse, the last surviving child of the French monarchy, made her way to Vienna and reclaimed her mother's jewelry collection from Florimond.

The jewelry stayed within the family of Marie Antoinette's heirs for more than 200 years and this is the first time that the jewels have been put on display for the public to see.

Marie Antoinette Diamond Pendant

Sotheby'sOne of Marie Antoinette's natural pearl and diamond pendants.

"Every jewel is absolutely imbued with history," Daniela Mascetti, Deputy Chairman of Sotheby's Jewelry Europe, said in a statement to Sotheby's. "This extraordinary group of jewels offers a captivating insight into the lives of its owners going back hundreds of years."

"What is also striking is the inherent beauty of the pieces themselves: the precious gems they are adorned with and the exceptional craftsmanship they display are stunning in their own right," she added.

The prices that Sotheby's estimates that Marie Antoinette's jewelry will sell for are lofty, but they could potentially soar sky-high once auction day rolls around.

"We estimate them based on the value of the jewel and then we see where it goes from there," Everett said. "I think Marie Antoinette is going to hold the same allure now that she's held for over 200 years and I think we're going to see some strong prices."

Ruby Diamond Brooch

Sotheby'sA ruby and diamond brooch/hair ornament that was given to Marie Anne de Habsbourg-Lorraine, the archduchess of Austria, by Archduke Friedrich of Austria.

The collection of jewelry on sale belongs to the Bourbon-Parma family, whose bloodline is linked to some of the most important ruling families in European history, including the Habsburgs, who ruled the Austro-Hungarian Empire until 1918. According to Sotheby's, the Bourbon-Parma family has produced Kings of Spain and France as well as Emperors of Austria.

Marie Antoinette's life may not have come to a happy ending, but her gorgeous jewelry collection has helped the beauty of her life stay alive for centuries and will continue to do so through this sale.

Next, take a look at the life of another European queen who lost her head, Mary, Queen of Scots. Then, discover how generations of inbreeding in one of Europe's most powerful royal families created a phenomenon called the Habsburg jaw.

Caroline Redmond
Caroline is a writer living in New York City who holds a Bachelor's in science from the University of Florida. Her work has appeared in People, Yahoo, Bustle, Entertainment Weekly, and The Boston Herald.
Leah Silverman
A former associate editor for All That's Interesting, Leah Silverman holds a Master's in Fine Arts from Columbia University's Creative Writing Program and her work has appeared in Catapult, Town & Country, Women's Health, and Publishers Weekly.