What happened on this day in history: Franz Reichelt dies while testing his parachute at the Eiffel Tower, Patty Hearst is kidnapped, and more.
1520: Mary Boleyn, “The Other Boleyn Girl” Gets Married
Mary Boleyn, “The Other Boleyn Girl” gets married to William Carey. Known as one of Henry VIII’s mistress, Mary Boleyn gave birth to two of the king’s children. Henry VIII and Mary Boleyn never married, as Henry VIII became infatuated with her sister, Anne Boleyn, while Mary was pregnant. After William Carey’ death, Mary married William Stafford in secret. This caused a scandal within the English court, and both Henry VIII and Anne agreed to banish Mary from the court. She lived out the rest of her life in relative obscurity.
1787: Shays’ Rebellion Flounders
Shays’ Rebellion ends after roughly five months. The rebellion was started by former Revolutionary War soldiers-turned-farmers who found themselves struggling with debt and the high taxes levied by the state of Massachusetts. Led by war veteran Daniel Shay, the rebellion was ultimately put down by local militias. However, it convinced many that the young United States needed the Constitutional Convention in order to reform its government.
1912: Franz Reichelt Dies While Testing His Homemade Flying Suit
Franz Reichelt dies after jumping from the Eiffel Tower. An Austrian-born inventor, Reichelt had become obsessed with designing a “parachute suit” which he believed could help save the lives of pilots flying early airplanes.
Though Reichelt’s suit failed to soar in multiple tests, he was convinced that he merely needed to test it from a great height and arranged to jump from the Eiffel Tower — where he fell to his death in front of a crowd of horrified journalists and onlookers.
1913: Rosa Parks Is Born
Rosa Parks is born in Tuskegee, Alabama. An iconic civil rights activist, Parks made history when she refused to give up her seat in the whites-only section of a segregated Montgomery bus on December 1, 1955. Her actions helped launch the Montgomery bus boycott and inspired the larger American civil rights movement. She was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1996 and remains an heroic figure in American history to this day.
1974: Patty Hearst Is Kidnapped
Patty Hearst is kidnapped by members of the Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA). The 19-year-old granddaughter of newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst, Patty was held for ransom, though she later appeared to join forces with them and was even recorded participating in an armed robbery with the group.
She was eventually freed during a subsequent robbery and sentenced to seven years in prison, despite her claims that she’d been brainwashed. Ultimately, she was pardoned by President Bill Clinton.
2004: Facebook Is Founded
Mark Zuckerberg launches TheFacebook, a website originally only available to students at Harvard University. It would eventually become accessible to additional universities across the United States and the United Kingdom, before becoming available worldwide and amassing nearly 3 billion monthly active users.