Under The Big Top: 36 Photos From The Early Days Of The Circus
In May of 2017, The Ringling Bros and Barnum & Bailey Circus finished its final show, ending its run of 146 years. The self-proclaimed "greatest show on Earth" had seen declining ticket sales for years and the high operating costs of such an event made it no longer feasible, the outfit's CEO Kenneth Feld, told CNN.
In a way, it doesn't seem terribly surprising that a spectacle as grand as the circus wouldn't have a place in the 21st century. On the one hand, many people these days don't have to (or want to) leave their homes for entertainment. On the other, evolving views on animal welfare caused the circus to fall under intense pressure to end its use of elephants from animal rights activists.
The negative publicity, which rarely mentioned Barnum & Bailey's conservation efforts, did eventually lead to the circus taking its elephants out of the show. The move however, wasn't enough to save the show in the end.
The idea of the modern circus — a group of performers working together under a large "big top" tent — first came about in the mid-1700s. It wasn't until the mid to late 1800s, though, that the circus really started to spring up as a premier entertainment attraction in Europe, Russia, and the United States.
The life of a circus performer wasn't an easy one. Acrobats, clowns and other showmen were often away from family most of the year and spent most of the day working to set up the tents and waiting around for the few hours that made up showtime.
For animals, especially prior to any sort of animal welfare laws, circus life wasn't particularly kind. Elephants, lions, tigers and other large animals that need a substantial amount of space were almost always confined to small cages. Performance training often employed abuse, and nearly all circus animals frequently suffered from medical problems.
Of course, circuses still delight audiences with spectacles of danger and acrobatics throughout the world today. Cirque du Soleil is incredibly popular and regularly sells out shows. It's safe to assume, though, that the glory days of the vintage circus of old, the "Greatest Show on Earth," are gone.