Who Wrote The Pledge Of Allegiance — And Why Its History Is Controversial
Ever since Francis Bellamy wrote what's believed to be the original Pledge of Allegiance in 1892, it's been controversial. From its anti-immigrant origins to the "under God" debate, here's the true history.
How The Rosewood Massacre Wiped Out An Entire Black Town
Following reports that a Black drifter assaulted a white woman, a racist mob razed the town of Rosewood, Florida in 1923 and killed as many as 150 people.
How Did John Belushi Die? The Real Story Of His Tragic Demise
John Belushi died in Los Angeles on March 5, 1982 after drug dealer Cathy Smith injected him with a lethal combination of cocaine and heroin known as a "speedball."
Why The FBI Thought Ma Barker Was America’s Most Dangerous Mind In The 1930s
As the matriarch of the Barker-Karpis gang, Ma Barker oversaw her sons commit a spree of robberies, kidnappings, and murders that terrorized 1920s and '30s America.
This 1969 Raid On The Black Panthers’ Headquarters Led To Militarized Policing In America
When the Black Panthers took up arms to protect their communities, governments passed new laws stripping their gun rights — and used military tactics to enforce them.
Meet Dr. Wouter Basson, The Ecstasy Cook Who Tried To Commit Genocide — And Got Away With It
Regularly compared to Nazi doctor Josef Mengele, Dr. Wouter Basson was in charge of a top-secret South African biological warfare program behind numerous killings, poisonings, and kidnappings in the 1980s.
U.S. Army Hangman John C. Woods Intentionally Botched Nazi Executions To Ensure Their Agonizing Deaths
John C. Woods lied to the U.S. Army and got them to promote him to the position of the official hangman of the Nazis at Nuremberg — and he made sure they suffered as they died.
Georg Elser Almost Assassinated Hitler Before Ending Up In A Concentration Camp
Had Georg Elser's bomb exploded 13 minutes earlier on November 8, 1939, Hitler would have been blown apart in a Munich beer hall just after the start of World War II.
Ed Houben: The Sperm Donor Who Has Helped Dozens Of Women Conceive ‘Naturally’
As a sperm donor, Ed Houben has helped conceive 106 children on his way to earning the title of "Europe's most virile man."
Franz Jägerstätter Chose The Guillotine Over Pledging Loyalty To Hitler
Ordered to join the German armed forces and become complicit in the evils of the Nazi regime, Franz Jägerstätter instead chose to refuse – and paid the ultimate price.
Sword Beach: The Allies’ First Step In Stopping Hitler During The Normandy Invasion
On June 6, 1944, now known as D-Day, the Allied forces landed on Sword Beach as a part of their invasion of Normandy — and nearly all but won it in two hours.